The Demon-Haunted World Essay

2596 WordsFeb 27, 200811 Pages
I. Identify and discuss the primary theme of the book. Be Specific. Identify the point(s) that Sagan is attempting to make? What is the purpose of the book? “Science is more than a body of knowledge, it is a way of thinking,” according to Sagan (Sagan, 1996). Sagan is attempting to inform the world of the limited knowledge we, the world, have because everyone seeks certainty as partisans of certain religions do, rather than to question in search of truth. Through out the book, Sagan provides examples of the publics’ conforming ignorance with many examples such as with Atlantis, superstition, UFO’s, The Face from Mars, horoscopes and so on. He encourages critical thinking as an alternative to accepting hearsay. Newspapers, magazines, and television programs inform the world inaccurately. In fact, much of what is reported is twisted to be conveyed in the manner most advantageous to the source in gaining attention, not necessarily because they inform the truth causing a societal effect of advertising and national propaganda. The media expects the viewers to be an indefinite susceptible audience, ready to believe and discuss outrageous stories that will rid them momentarily of their daily dullness. They tend to follow fallacies that are more exciting rather than to inquire about true facts. When we feel uncomfortable we tend to search for our comfort zone and accept any theory to regain comfort. Thinking of Martians walking amongst us causes much discomfort so we tend to dismiss any types of uncomfortable theories. We will never know truth until we experiment and research. “Avoidable human misery is more often caused not so much by stupidity as by ignorance, particularly our ignorance about ourselves,” (Sagan, 1996). The most important aspect leading to success according to Sagan is the scientific way of thinking at once with imagination and discipline. One of the

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