Democracy in Globalization Essay

1289 Words6 Pages
When looking at the democratization of a nation, India and South Korea share a lot of similarities. South Korea was occupied and governed by Japan pre WWII and India was ruled by Britain colonialism. Looking at Mill’s method of difference, there is one distinct variable that differentiates the states in their ascent to democratization. After WWII India was given its sovereignty by British rule in return for their military aid in the war against Japan, where as when Korea was not. After Korea was free from Japanese colonialism due to their loss in the second WWII the US military eliminated the left wing government. When comparing the two it is revealed that in order for democratization to occur more rapidly there must either be a strong military presence backing the movement or a powerful foreign influence. Being deprived of national sovereignty for 35 years by Japan, Korea gained sovereignty as a nation after Japan’s defeat in the Pacific War. Although freedom and equality lay before them they still had to learn how to build a nation on their own. The process of independently establishing a country suffered a setback due to the US military elimination of the left wing government. This intensified internal conflict between the right and the left wing government party’s. With the end of WWII the US and Soviet Union divided the Korean peninsula into north and south at the 38th parallel. The Korean War began when North Korean soldiers crossed the 38th parallel and invaded the South early in the morning on June 25, 1950. While the Korean War was a civil war, it was also a clash between the ideals of the United States and the Soviet Union. The three year war left one fourth of the population dead or injured. The war was a chance for both the north and south to solidify an extreme political system. It became the last divided country in the world. April

More about Democracy in Globalization Essay

Open Document