These critics, including Thucydides, believed that “the democracy had… driven them to sink more and more resources in a losing proposition” because they didn’t want to fail and in turn, an oligarchy was formed in June 411 8 But ultimately this same oligarchy disbanded, was replaced by another form of government, and eventually democracy prevailed. Democracy won out in the end for Athens which caused the other Greek city-states to want this type of government and look to Athens to help them. This proves that Athens was overall the schoolmaster of Greece, and utilized an advanced system to govern their people, despite critics’ complaints about
Napoleon Bonaparte changed the world’s culture, spreading French revolutionary ideas throughout his empire. He created a book of laws (Le Code Napoleon), which gave France its first structured set of modern rules. The emperor also granted the people of his empire, freedom of religion, allowing everyone to believe in what they choose to be true. Finally the males of his empire were given equal rights allowing any male the right to gain wealth and power whether they are rich or poor. Napoleon Bonaparte improved culture in France setting the foundation for change in Europe, creating Frances first structured set of laws, allowing freedom of religion in his empire, and finally breaking the boundary that divided the social classes.
Athens was a direct democracy and many of these ways are still used today. A direct democracy meant that the citizens could vote on the issues directly and that the citizens hold the power. The citizens consisted of any man born in Athens. The non-citizens were women, foreign-born males, and slaves. All of the citizens could belong to the Assembly, and they voted by lottery because they thought election favored the rich, and they wanted it to be equal.
This was a result from their successes in the Persian wars, in particular the battle of Salamis. Increasing naval power, as a result of the Athenian fleet established by Themistocles in 483BC, meant that Athens became ‘the epicenter of military and culture in Greece’- Kaysoukic. The population grew to 400 000 and it became the centre of trade after the wars. This increasing status in Greece contributed to their expansion of the delian league to the Athenian empire. The campaigns in Persia by Athenian leader Kimon not only consolidated Greek power but allowed for Athens to have increased trade routes.
The wealthy always took the best farm land. The poor were indebted to the wealthy to the extent that they even offered themselves as slaves to pay up. Slaves: slaves were also found in Athens, but unlike the Spartans whose slaves where owned by the states, in Athens, slaves were owned by individuals either poor or wealthy. The slaves were either citizens (those that lost their citizenship) or foreigners. This was changed by Solon that no one should use himself to pay for his debts; he then created three groups, the wealthy, merchants and the
(Doc E) Explanation: It seems right that all should have a share in office filled by lot and any citizen who wishes to speak should be allowed to speak. Evidence: The steersman, boatswains, ship masters, lookout- men, and the shipwrights have brought the state much power through their logical thinking. (Doc E) Explanation: They all are smart and possibly even better than the best born elite, and can have a lot of great suggestions in say of things if given equal chances. So everyone in Athens was given equal rights even if not the brightest and they can make major impact on their community. Paragraph 4 –Body Topic sentence: Athens had a better system because citizen’s had more of a voice in government.
A Spartan's life was centered on the state, because they lived and died to serve the state. Although the competing city-states of Sparta and Athens were individually different as well as governmentally diverse, they both managed to become dominating powers in Ancient Greece. The political power of Athens is based on economic power. Democracy is based on middle class economic power. In slow evolution towards democracy, as their trade increased, Athenian craftsmen and merchants had enough money to purchase their own weapons.
There were three different regime in ancient Greek society. Firstly, Sparta maintained a strong militaristic regime under aristocratic leadership. However, they had weak trading activities and merchants were managing by some milirary rules. Secondly, Athens the most famous city-state, was about the size of the state of Rhode Island. Athens ruled
The Agora of ancient Athens was rebuilt after the Persian Wars (490-449 BC) in response to a lengthy period of wealth and peace in the city (ibid).? The area demonstrates an archaic type of agora architecture (ibid).? This means that the colonnades and other buildings do not appear to coordinate, thus, creating the general impression of disorder (ibid).? The Agora contains three main architectural areas:? the colonnades, the government buildings, and the sacred area.?
Greece had the first known democracy. The Greeks affected many of our current constitutional rights. In both the US democracy and the Athenian democracy where political power can be exercised by the citizens. Pericles had three goals, to Strengthen Democracy, Hold strength in the empire, and to glorify Athens. Pericles stated that he wanted all citizens to have an equal opportunity to serve the public.