Democracy in Athens in ancient Greece

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Athens is the best known polis of ancient Greece. The Athenian Empire was considered the most notable empire that brought forth great riches, economy, trade, literary movements, philosophical traditions, and also developed principles of government. The Athens had more land and a larger population than any other polis on the Greek mainland. In the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. the Athenians settled in Attica, which surrounded their city, rather than sending colonists abroad. Furthermore, during the Era of the Polis within Athens, democracy was evolved, literary movement and warfare tactics occurred and it was the rise of the most notable empire. In the beginning of the sixth century B.C. the aristocrats took control of Attica’s wealth, due to this many of the Athenian peasants became extremely poor. The peasants gave their bodies as a promise to the aristocrats for a loan. If the loan was not repaid they were at risk of being sold into slavery abroad. A civil war developed among the aristocrats and the peasants, the two groups both agreed to let the Athenian statesman, Solon reform the political system. Solon was known for his practical wisdom and his literacy. Solon’s reforms for the Athenian government prepared the way for the introduction of democracy in Athens. In 594 B.C. Solon authorized that all male citizens are required to participate more in the Athenian public life, and gave them a greater voice in governing Attica. He enabled reforms that ended aristocratic control of the government, cancelled debts, ended slavery for debt, and raised funds to buy back enslaved Athenians. During this time was the rise of literacy, so Solon recorded these laws onto wooden panels for it to be public to the Athenian citizens. This ensured that the laws would be enforced equally among all of the Athenian citizens. In addition to Solon’s reforms, he organized the

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