The Ancient Greeks are the most significant to western culture because of its creation of different types of government, ideas on philosophy, and the impact of Hellenistic culture. If you think of America you think of mainly one thing, democracy. The Athenians invented democracy. Athens was founded around 500 B.C. Athenians were the first ones to give power to someone who they think will actually be good for that job, and not simply due to noble blood or force.
Militarily, the Spartans were supreme on land, while the Athenians had the best navy. Each government was unique also. Athens was a democracy, while the Spartans had a strange mix of a monarchy/aristocracy/oligarchy. Economically the Athenians were supreme, Athenians had the best navy in the world, and so they had the most commerce. A Spartan citizen was not even aloud to be anything but a soldier, so they were economically challenged.
The Parthenon is probably the most well-known of all Greek temples and took more than a hundred years to be constructed. The Parthenon has a preference for banked effect and the dramatic use of staircases, which according to Kostof displays one of the central
Social distinctions may be based only on common utility.” Basically saying that every man will be equally views just as any other man would under all circumstances. That document amalgamated a variety of Enlightened ideas drew from the works of political philosophy. The French Revolution was influenced by Brotherhood because the irate citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille together; it was an expression of the power of the people to take politics into their own hands. Fiscal irresponsibility influenced the Revolution because after debts were brought to a higher level than before then taxes were raised on the people to end the financial trap which was not easy and required the support of the aristocracy. Democracy influenced the French Revolution the new construction of politics, in which all individuals were equal, ran counter to prevailing ideas about collective identities defined in guilds and orders.
Greece had the first known democracy. The Greeks affected many of our current constitutional rights. In both the US democracy and the Athenian democracy where political power can be exercised by the citizens. Pericles had three goals, to Strengthen Democracy, Hold strength in the empire, and to glorify Athens. Pericles stated that he wanted all citizens to have an equal opportunity to serve the public.
Athenian democracy, like any other essential aspect within the Ancient Greek world, beared rises and collapses, from its climatic upbringing of a Cleisthenic reform in 508 BC until a trivial deprivation for Athens in 404 BC. Athens, “the greatest of city democracies” (Encarta), holds an engrossing evolution as well as an institution in a constant war-like period in Ancient Greece. As a cultural, traditional and historical background, “the Athenian society, between 600 and 450 B.C., evolved in what Greeks regarded as a fully fledged democratic constitution, though with a more limited franchise than is seen in modern times” (Nagel 101). The Archaic Age During the Archaic Age, there was a spread of political power with the new founded aristocracy and emerging classes. The Athenian system, as it entered a polis age, initially began with using other traditional institutions from other Greek states.
In 640 BC the Messenians revolted against the Spartans, resulting in a second Messenian War. When the war was over Sparta reformed their social structure in order to be able to control the population of Helots that greatly outnumbered their own. Spartan society was therefore organised into four different elements: the Spartiates, the Inferiors, the Perioikoi and the Helots. The Spartiates were privileged social class of Sparta and held all political power. In order to gain Spartan Citizenship, the Spartan men had to prove their descent from the original Dorian Conquerors, they had to submit to the education and discipline that was imposed upon them and had to gain membership to one syssita and contribute to their syssita.
Introduction The ancient Greece, “period ca 800-323 BCE consisted of hundreds of poleis known as city states had several city-states called poleis,” (Brand, 2017, p. 1). According to Brand (2017), each poleis was its own small country (p. 1). However, Athens and Sparta were the two largest poleis. They dominated ancient Greece socioeconomically, politically and militarily, which metamorphosed into transcultural and transhistorical examples of democracy and militarization respectively. The fascinating thing about Greece narrative is that both Athens and Sparta had a different audacious ideology and idiosyncratic systems of governance, Athens adumbrated the idea of a democratic state, while Sparta demarcated itself into a military society.
Athens conquered the Persia in 479 B.C. and began dominating Greece politically, economically, and culturally.” The Athenians organized allies to ensure the freedom of the Greek cities. Members of the Delian League provided ships and money to the Athenians and with financial control and a strong fleet, Athens slowly transformed what started out as voluntary members into subjects. By the years 454/453 B.C., came democracy with all adult male citizens participating in elections and meetings of the assembly, which served as both the seat of government and a court of law. (Hemingway & Hemingway, n.d.) With the war bringing such widespread devastation and destruction, Greece was faced with replacing almost all artwork.
Paragraph 4 –Body Topic sentence: Athens had a better system because citizen’s had more of a voice in government. Evidence: Athenians chose their officials including the Council of 500. (Doc E) Explanation: An executive committee that over saw the assembly by lot from the general citizenry. Evidence: The Assembly passed laws, set budgets, and had the power to declare war (Doc E). Explanation: Everybody was included and did everything together as a group not excluding anybody from having a voice in government and everybody had a say in what went on in their