Democracy And Classical Civilizations Essay

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Through the Renaissance Period during the 16th and 17th centuries, concepts and philosophy from ancient Greek and Roman cultures had been recovered by the new scholars. Over time, these ideas became ingrained in many new governmental institutions, eventually finding its place in the United States of America. Documents written by the Founding Fathers, such as the Declaration of Independence and the American Constitution with its Amendments, are significant examples of how classical ideals have been preserved over time. Ideas, such as Zeno’s philosophy of stoicism and a democratic republic, are important in American culture and political structure today. Zeno lived years 335 through 262 BCE in the Hellenistic Period of Greek civilization. He founded a school of thought that translates to stoicism from the Greek word “stoa” (class notes). This philosophy explores the cohesion of human and nature and stresses that all men should participate in government. Men were to be judged based on the virtuosity of their life and their accomplishments. Stoics believed that “all people are brothers and are governed by one natural law” (McKay 119). This concept of natural law is what makes all men equal in nature. All Greeks are accountable in the protection of life and pursuing their interests. Centuries later, in the Roman Empire, Paul of Tarsus had discovered and discussed these ideas with Roman scholars in Athens. He used “unity of mankind” to justify his widespread sharing of the gospel pertaining to Jesus of Nazareth (McKay 142). Stoicism remained an influential part of Christianity and prevailed to plant itself in the ideals that the United States of America was founded upon. As Thomas Jefferson scribbled out the draft of the Declaration of Independence, he takes into account the Christian roots of himself and the other Founding Fathers. Stoicism finds itself

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