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There are many diseases and medical conditions which cause dementia. Due to this a patient diagnosed with dementia could be suffering from one or more of the diseases which can cause dementia, such as Alzheimer’s Disease, vascular dementia, fronto-temporal dementia, or mixed dementia. There are said to be around a hundred causes of dementia. Though most types of dementia are irreversible, there are several reversible causes of dementia, and recognizing and treating the underlying cause will reverse symptoms. One very common reversible cause of dementia is depression .
Other less common causes of dementia may include depression, head injuries, alcohol misuse, brain tumours, infections of the brain such as HIV, Strokes, or lack of Vitamin B in the diet. These causes of dementia can be treatable or non progressive or in some cases reversible such as vitamin deficiencies or thyroid problems. Rarer causes of dementia include Huntington’s disease, or progressive supranuclear palsy. 1.2 The different types of memory impairments commonly experienced by individuals with dementia include thought impairment such as storing and retrieving memory problems, calculation, spelling, planning and organising. Many people can also have difficulty with day to day tasks.
In Ebersole and Hess' Gerontological Nursing & Healthy Aging (4th ed., pp. 88-104). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier. Wallace, M., & Fulmer, T. (2007). Fulmer SPICES: An Overall Assessment Tool for Older There is an extensive variety of tools nurses can use to asses and prevent potential geriatric complications.
The cause of the brain cells dying and the deterioration of the connectors is not fully known. Vascular dementia is a form of dementia caused by damage to the brain through deprivation of oxygenated blood. Causes are preventable and include high blood pressure, heart problems, diabetes and high cholesterol. Rarer forms of dementia are Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and Biswanger’s disease. 1.2 Types of memory impairment Whilst long term memory loss is experienced, short term memory loss can cause more problems, although it is not the same in every case.
They can lose their ability to function and communicate properly. C) Age related impairment can usually be noticed between the ages of 50 and 70 years. A person can become confused with a minor complaint or infection, plus the memory naturally grows tired with age. OUTCOME 2 UNDERSTAND KEY FEATURES OF THE THEORETICAL MODELS OF DEMENTIA 1. The medical model of dementia can create dependency, restricts choice, disempower, devaluates, reinforces stereo types and can be thought of as oppressive.
These two conditions constitute the vast majority of cases, and although their symptoms can sometimes be managed, they are irreversible. Dementia associated with Altzheimers disease progressively worsens. In addition, symptoms of dementia vary depending on the cause, but it includes some common signs and symptoms such as loss of memory, difficulty in communicating, inability to learn or remember new information, difficulty with planning and organization. The signs of dementia can also include symptoms like difficulty with coordination and motor functions, changes in personality, inability to reason, inappropriate behavior, paranoia, agitation and hallucinations. It is important to know that, dementia affects each person differently, depending on the impact of the disease and the personality of the subject before beginning to suffer it.
This can cause fluctuation in the persons behaviour as perhaps they are frustrated that they can no longer take care of their personal needs. 2.1, Diagnosis can help uncertainty, It may not be clear why someone has problems with memory or has a change in behaviour. These problems may be because of dementia, or down to other reasons such as poor sleep, low mood, medication or other medical conditions. The uncertainty can be distressing for both the person experiencing the difficulties and their families and friends. While a diagnosis of dementia can be devastating news an explanation of what the problem is and what can be done about it can help people feel empowered and reduce some of the worry caused by uncertainty.
They can forget to do the essential things that are vital. Taking medicines, hygiene and even eating are often forgotten. They can get lost or hurt and not understand what is necessary to correct a situation. Individuals cannot act in the manner of a responsible adult which is why dementia should be viewed as a disability. 3.1 List the most common causes of dementia.