Dementia Awareness Essay

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1. Explain what is mean by the term dementia. Dementia is a group of symptoms caused by specific brain disorders.The common symptoms of dementia are memory loss, changes in behaviour or mood, difficulties with communication. Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual person and what type of dementia they have. 2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Frontal lobe - this is a part of the brain that controls behaviours, personality and the interpretation of what is around us.A person who was always relaxed and laid back may become anxious and worried about everything. Someone who may have been very quiet can become loud and noisy. Temporal lobe - this is a part of the brain that controls language, emotion and memory. People may be unable to remember or recognise the words or sounds, may have difficulty joining in a conversation. People may become very angry or sad for no obvious reason. Pariental lobe - this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, special awareness and recognition of places, objects and people.Any damage to this area means that people may begin to lose the skills they once had. Occipital lobe - this is the part of the brain that controls eyesight and our ability to see. 3.Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Depression can sometimes be mistaken for dementia because with dementia a person’s behaviour and feeling of well-being can change and cause the person to appear withdrawn and this for example might be mistaken for depression. However, if the person is depressed then it could be the depression not the dementia causing them ill-being. Delirium for example can be brought on as a result of an infection and this might be mistaken with

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