Dementia Essay

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Unit 20 14/03/2103 Understanding the process and experience of Dementia 1.1 The word dementia is a term which describes a serious deterioration in mental functions, such as memory, language, orientation and judgement. The brain is a complex organ and it is divided up into different areas that control different functions within the body, the brain contains around one hundred billion cells, in dementia some of these cells stop working properly. The part of the brain that this occurs in will affect how that individual thinks, remembers and communicates. The Alzheimer’s society states that Dementia is a major health condition which affects over 800,000 people in the United Kingdom. Dementia mainly affects people over the age of 65 and the likelihood increases with age. However, it can affect younger people: there are over 17,000 people in the UK under the age of 65 who have dementia. Dementia describes a large group of illnesses including Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Biswangers Disease, Learning Disabilities, Fronto-temporal Dementia and Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia; it is responsible for approximately two-thirds of dementia in older people. Alzheimer’s is caused by nerve cells dying in certain areas of the brain. Vascular dementia is a form of dementia caused by damage to the brain through deprivation of oxygenated blood. CJD is a form of dementia caused by prion disease; prions are proteins which are found in mammals. When these proteins cluster together in the brain, they cause brain calls to die. This damage to the brain causes neurological difficulties and dementia. There are four forms of (CJD) Sporadic, familial, iatrogenic, and variant. Biswanger’s disease is a form of vascular dementia in which damage occurs to the blood vessels in the deep white

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