DEM 204 Understand and implement a person centred approach to the care and support of individuals with dementia 1.1 Describe what is meant by a person centred approach. A person centred approach involves recognising a person's individuality, their personal history as well as their personality. It respects the individual’s needs, values and preferences. It tries to understand the world from an individual's perspective. It enables individual's to receive the care and support they need, in a person centred way and to be part of deciding the care that they will receive.
Understand how to implement a person-centred approach in an adult social care setting. 2.1 Explain how finding out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual contributes to their care plan. When planning individual support it is necessary to document and record day – to day requirements of the individual's preferences for care and support. We can do this by addressing individual needs and preferences within a care plan, as well as individual support plans. Having a holistic approach to meeting the needs and preferences of each individual is also a key skill.
A good care home will follow the principles of person-centred care. This approach aims to see the person with dementia as an individual, rather than focusing on their illness or on abilities they may have lost. Instead of treating the person as a collection of symptoms and behaviours to be controlled, person-centred care considers the whole person, taking into account each individual's unique qualities, abilities, interests, preferences and needs. Person-centred care also means treating residents with dementia with dignity and respect. Question 2.1 Describe the role that carers can have in the care and support of individuals with dementia.
This is based around each individual and their careplan so the care i give is individual to them. I assist with personal hygiene, toileting and administer medication. As much as i enjoy assisting clients i always encourage them to be as independent as possible by letting them plan their day and making own choices. Also providing the clients with a welcoming and friendly environment will make all the difference to the person settling in. This provides stability for them and a sense of belonging.
The focus is on the choices. Traditionally social care providers have based their care models on groups of people and more often than not on resources available to them. It tended to assume that individuals with similar disabilities or illnesses could be cared for and supported somewhat universally with little regard to the individual. Person centre practice, however, aims to treat each person as an individual, having requirements, goals and ambitions unique to them and once these are known and understood then their care and support can be made to suit them. 1.2 Critically review approaches to person centred practice.
2.1 Explain how finding out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual contributes to their care plan The care plan is about the individual and their preferences, needs and wishes It should give information to others. Talking to the client about their past will enable the care plan to be completed accurately and reflect the individual and their preferences, needs and wishes, the more you know about the client the better the care plan can be adapted to that client. 2.2 Describe ways to put person-centred values into practice in a complex or sensitive situation Distressing, traumatic and frightening times are likely to have serious
EXPLAIN PERSON CENTRED APPROACHES Person-centred is about providing care and support that is centred or focused on the individual and their needs. We are all individual and just because two people might have the same medical condition, e.g. dementia, doesn't mean that they require the same care and support. To work in a person centred way you have to develop a clear understanding about the individuals you are supporting. This includes their needs, their culture, their means of communication, their likes and dislikes, their family and other professionals’ involvement so you can promote and provide person centred care and support.
Building Effective Relationships | Explanation with relevant examples | Adult at Centre of Planning | Putting the adult at the centre of planning will ensure that attention for care is mainly based around the individual’s specific needs. For example, an elderly patient in a Care Home needs to be carefully looked after. Her allocated Carer should ensure that she receives relevant care services and treatment, which are provided to meet her needs. | Listening | It’s vital for Health and Social care workers to listen to service users so that they their opinions, thoughts and feelings can be voiced. This causes individuals to feel empowered and wanted.
It has an influence on social care work, because we need to make sure that we are communicating well, and listening to the individual's wishes and preferences, and we need to remember not to dothings without discussing it with service user. Rights Every service user has rights and these must be respected. However, it need to be understood that rights and responsibilities have to be balanced. Some tensions between what the service user perceives as their right and what we can offer as a part of the service might be encountered. Examples of rights: dignity,privacy, choice of diet, choice of dress, the chance to say own opinion, etc.
A care plan, based on a person centred approach, will help in understanding some of this, but what else might help? Person centred planning, then, demands that you see the person whom you are supporting as the central concern. It means that we need to find ways to make care and support individual, not ‘one size fits all’. It means that the relationship moves from being one of carer and cared for towards one based on a partnership: you become a resource to the person who needs