Dem201 Essay

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Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is a word that describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem solving or language. This is caused by a specific disease such as a stroke or Alzheimers which damages brain cells and affects people of any age. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Produce a diagram of the human brain and identify the key areas of the brain and their function. Using a different colour pen indicate where dementia effects the brain. The key functions that are affected by dementia are: Temporal lobe = Responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning Frontal lobe = Responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour and emotions Parietal lobe = Responsible for sensory information from the body, where letters are formed, putting things in order and special awareness Occipital lobe = Responsible for processing information related to vision Cerebrum lobe = Biggest part of the brain its role is memory, attention, thought, consciousness, senses and movement Hippocampus = Responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing emotions Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Depression can sometimes be mistaken for dementia as they have very similar symptoms. If someone is feeling very low or withdrawn it can be a symptom of both which makes it difficult to identify. Delirium can also be mistaken for dementia as it also has similar symptoms. A person may have an infection and can be delirious and this would not be caused by dementia. Age relayed memory loss is another problem which is often mistaken for dementia. It can just be normal ageing process but is often mistaken. Explain the medical model of dementia. The medical model relates to a clinical

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