Dem 302 Essay

338 Words2 Pages
Dip unit 49 (DEM302) Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. 1- Understand the nutritional needs that are unique to the individuals with dementia 1.1- Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition. Cognitive- this depends on the type of dementia an individual has they may have trouble in recognising the food in front of them or they may not understand that the food that has been provided is for them, this can be caused by their minds not rocognising what is actually in front of them. Functional- depending on the type of dementia they have they may struggle to use their knife, fork and spoon, they may even struggle to chew or swallow. This can be caused by the mind forgetting how to do something, or making the task become more difficult to preform. Emotional- depending on the type of dementia a person has they may refuse to eat all together, this could be caused by the mind simply telling them that they are not hungry or thirsty when they actually are, this can happen quite often and is usually caused by a problem causing them to get upset or angry. Using techniques like reminiscence is a good way to encourage eating and drinking for both of these can be stimulating to smells and taste that they enjoy and in some cases find living in the past to them is normal. 1.2- Explain how poor nutrition can contribute to an individuals experience of dementia. Poor nutrition can in turn worsen the symptoms of dementia for individuals. A report states that people with dementia who are undernourished may end up worsening their condition. but poor nutrition can also cause individuals with dementia to need specialist help more often as well eg requiring antibiotics. Malnutrition also affects the immune system making it difficult to fight
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