Unit 49;Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. 1) Understand the nutritional needs that are unique to individuals with dementia. 1.1) Describe how cognitive, functional, and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition; Symptoms associated with dementia, can have detrimental effect on individuals, if they are not addressed and resolved. In some individuals, cognitive impairments interfere with the sequences and patterns associated with completing tasks, so, remembering how to use items such as cutlery, drinking cups etc, and the order, or way in which to use them are lost. It can mean that tasks such as making a cup of tea, or a sandwich can no longer be completed.
Unit 4222-366 (DEM 302) Outcome 1 1. Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition. Firstly I will look at cognitive in reference to eating, drinking and nutrition. Some people with dementia can suffer from clinical depression and this would be a cognitive change, as an affect of depression the appetite of an individual will be affected and this may lead to someone having a small or no appetite and under eating this may lead to malnutrition and dehydration, or someone having an increase appetite which will cause over eating and may lead to someone gaining weight or becoming obese which carries many health conditions. Secondly, functional changes that may occur with someone with dementia is that they may have had a stroke or have weakness in using limbs which would affect them using utensils such as a knife and fork for instance not having the strength to lift the fork to their mouth.
DEM 302 Understanding and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. 1.1 Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating. If the individuals cognitive ability is impaired they could forget to eat and drink, as well as think that they haven’t been fed, we might think they had a drink or eaten their food where as they might have tipped their drink down the sink or thrown their food away. If the functional ability changes it could mean that they can’t hold cutlery or hold a drink, therefore unable to feed themselves or feed themselves properly. When the emotional state changes they may become stressed and not want to eat or drink and may also forget that they need to
Each service user is different and they all like/ dislike different foods. Some service users are able to tell staff as to what they do and don’t like. As for some individuals have difficulties explaining things, but some information like this will more than likely be found on their own care plan. Also some service users may have other things to be aware of such as diabetes eating less sugary things or bad oral hygiene not allowing them to eat solid foods. In this case I would seek guidance for their care plan and GP as to what is acceptable for them to be having.
For example if my client had high cholesterol and chose to continually eat saturated fatty foods. 3.1 Factors that help promote an individuals dignity, comfort and enjoyment while eating and drinking would be to for them to choose where they would prefer to sit and to ensure that it is safe, hygienic, warm and light. Make it a pleasant quiet experience with no distractions or noise. 4.1 Lots of individuals eat slowly this could be due to wrong fitting dentures, swallowing problems or maybe it helps digestion. To start clearing away before an individual has chosen to finish eating and drinking is firstly rude but also could make the individual feel that they should be finished.
The same will apply to drinking. With older people who are prone to malnutrition and dehydration this can become more of a problem with Dementia putting their health at risk. Functional problems - affecting ability to carry out normal daily activities such as washing, dressing, and cooking meals Functional changes is losing the ability to remember how to eat or using utensils and drinking implements and instead might be better encouraged to pick up food buffet style or finger food. This might be as a way to overcome their loss of ability to function as they once did and rather than become distressed and confused they prefer to just pick up food. If this is preferred then to promote their dignity food presented for that function should be laid out.
Unit 49 DEM302 Understand and Meet the Nutritional Requirements of Individuals with Dementia This unit is about understanding that individuals may have specific nutritional needs because of their experience of dementia. Learners will develop their knowledge and skills in meeting these nutritional requirements and be able to provide evidence of their competence to enable individuals with dementia to eat and drink well. Question 1 Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition. (1.1) A dementia patient will make poorer choices about the foods and drinks they wish to consume. Often just knowing that we are thirsty as opposed to hungry will lead to a better choice being made in selecting drink over food.
If you have lupus it is normal to feel sad and down sometimes. After all lupus may force you to make big adjustments in your life. Lupus can sometimes put a strain on your personal relationships, and make it hard to do some of things that you may enjoy. One who has those feelings of sadness or depression that last more than a few weeks should be evaluated and treated. People with a chronic illness such as lupus are at higher risk for
The negative side of sensory loss is that they may find it hard to feed themselves, dressing themselves and that their mobility may deteariate. Also, hobbies and interests can have a negative impact on their lives. Some people may also feel alone and scared due to sensory loss. There is support for the deaf and blind to give them a better outlook on life. 1.4 Steps that can be taken to overcome the negative factors could be that you make sure all areas are clear of obstacles so therefore an individual with eye sight impairment might fall over or fall into.
With behavioral modification it is important to have a goal that is measurable, attainable, positive change, and something the person desires. I wish to change my eating habits and prevent stress-eating. Dieting can be stressful attempt at controlling weight, but often times do not show lasting results (Papies & Petra, 2010, p. 384). “Although restrained eaters are generally very concerned with their weight and motivated to control it by restricting their food intake, they are not very successful in these attempts, and their eating behavior is characterized by periods of food restriction as well as by repeated lapses of restraint” (Papies & Petra, 2010, p. 384). Studies have shown that restricted eaters have stronger urges to indulge in appealing food and are more likely to over eat these foods compared to nonrestricted eaters (Papies & Petra, 2010, 384).