Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill Essay

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Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill Teiona Lawrence (IRN-9044722487) HSM/210- Human Services in the United States January 25, 2013 Patricia Dobratz Deinstitutionalization is a long-term trend where fewer people reside as patients in mental hospitals and fewer mental health treatments are delivered in public hospitals (Curtis, 2008, Para. 3). This occurs directly to the process of closing the public hospitals and transferring patients to a community-based mental health services (Curtis, 2008, Para. 3). It allows patients to be moved to health care settings such as group homes and smaller community settings. According to Curtis (2008), “Some believe that deinstitutionalization has been and continues to be successful. Perhaps one of the brightest spots of the effects of deinstitutionalization is that the mentally ill have gained a greatly increased measure of liberty” (Para 5.) I believe that what makes deinstitutionalization work is if you have decent health care workers as well as the patients have a solid support system. In the article I read on, “Does deinstitutionalization increase suicide?” The main focus of the article is to examine the relationship between the supply of public beds, as a proxy for deinstitutionalization, and population mental health (Yoon & Bruchner). By declining individuals beds that needed help the suicide rate increased. Not just in this country but in others such as Sweden. According to Manderscheid (2004), “From 1970 to 2000 public psychiatric hospital beds dropped from 207 to 21 beds per 100,000 persons.” (Yoon & Bruchner, 2009, Para. 4) Some communities lack an understanding of mental illness and they fear the mentally ill, whether it is a homeless person panhandling for money or food on the corner, or if there is a community-based facility operating close by. Mainstream society seems to fear the mentally ill and
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