Deinstitutionalization Essay

2946 Words12 Pages
Abstract This paper will investigate the aftermath of deinstitutionalization and its impact on the severely mentally ill population. How the role of mental health policy and incentives has shaped the outcome of the deinstitutionalization movement, community-oriented care and the recovery movement. The issues limiting the participation of severely mentally ill individual to precede a community life will be identified. The social role of stigmatization of mental illness over shadowing the progress of community inclusion will be examined. In addition, through the consideration of various factors influencing the deinstitutionalization process, a balance in the current mental health system that is more relevant to the lives of individuals with severe mental illness will be explored. Keywords: deinstitutionalization, community based care, recovery movement, mental health policy, stigmatization, community inclusion In the past 50 years, the mental health system in the United States had shifted its course of focus from institutionalized care to community-oriented care. This transition, from asylums to community inclusion of people with mental illness, has resulted in much doubt over the destiny and well being of those especially with severe mental illness. The aftermath of the deinstitutionalization movement has left people with severe mental illness in a worse conditions, such as homelessness, imprisonment and insufficient housing conditions. I believe the deinstitutionalization movement and the shift to community based care is a continuing process toward change. Furthermore, for this process of change to move forward, the ongoing transformation of the community toward inclusion of the mentally ill population is eminent. Most importantly, the success depends on the society to value those individuals with mental illness for their rights for inclusion and community
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