Second, the participants were deceived. According to ethical code of researches, participants should be completely informed what would take place during the experiment in the inform consent form before the experiment, but the researchers did not properly address all the situations to the participants. The violence was completely not expectable by the participants. From the perspective of ethical issue, it was wrong to conduct this experiment, but from the perspective of research, it is right to conduct this experiment. Therefore, I would say that it is worthy to conduct this experiment because the outcomes of experiment are very useful for the discovery of human behaviors.
Some people would argue that some ideas or images are simply too dangerous or radical to be displayed to the public. How can this be a sound argument, when the same people enjoy and actively reference their freedom of speech? Think about if influential books, articles, or movies were never published simply because they were too “indecent” or, dare I say it, too “thought-provoking”. Since when did people start sacrificing knowledge and intelligence for safety? It’s apparent that at least some people tend to disagree with censorship, recently being the Supreme Court.
This allows the results to be generalised. Weaknesses The hospital staff was deceived - this is, of course, unethical. Although Rosenhan did conceal the names of hospitals or staff and attempted to eliminate any clues which might lead to their identification. Rosenhan did note that the experiences of the pseudo-patients could have differed from that of real patients who did not have the comfort of knowing that the diagnosis was false. Perhaps Rosenhan was being too hard on psychiatric hospitals, especially when it is important for them to play safe in their diagnosis of abnormality because there is always an outcry when a patient is let out of psychiatric care and gets into trouble.
Stoicism Stoicism is the philosophy that states one has free will, but there are aspects in which one can and cannot control. Although Stoics believe in fate, there are “appropriate actions, in addition to just controlling our attitudes.” (AOW, 197) Stoics also emphasized on acceptance of such fate and detachment as well as self-discipline. They believed Stoicism was a way of life and not just an interesting type of knowledge. (SEP, p. 2) In order to achieve happiness, one must detach themselves from personal relationships and motives and also reject emotion as much as possible. (AOW, 209) As Epictetus says in his Manual, everything has a price and the price of happiness is personal detachment from the outside world.
Pound/Thoreau Ezra Pound is wrong in saying that Thoreau’s experiment at Walden Pond demonstrated his indifference to other humans. While Thoreau does provide some harsh criticism of society and humanity, he doesn’t go on his experiment simply to be able to do this; he could have said his criticisms without having ever had to go to Walden Pond. Thoreau goes to Walden not in indifference to humanity, but in an effort to help them. The entire experiment was to show how a person can reach inner fulfillment and how it isn’t necessary to have material objects for that. The world was going through a period of time where suddenly everything revolved around new industry and objects that could be bought and sold, and Thoreau could see this would bring about great change for both worse and better.
This is a term/topic, which was developed by a social psychologist name Irving Janis. Groupthink is actually a process, which should be very avoided by jurors. It makes people in a group come to a decision, which is not the right one. The reason is because they are trying to move fast and “get it over with quick”. People in groups that have this problem are often afraid of getting into a fight with someone or a debate, so they rely on the easy route and agree with whomever.
When I criticize and attack myself, it is because knowing I failed makes me think about if i had tried harder then it would have made a difference. Negative self concept is often hidden from the world because we are suppose to perceive ourself with positivity in order to be accepted but that can change. Self concept is basically the beliefs and attitudes we role play in our lives. In How to Improve Your Self Concept, it mentions “your attitudes about yourself may be positive for some roles, and not so positive for others”. There will always be negative views because we do not live even near a Utopia society and we cannot please everybody.
However, it still does not guarantee him a free choice. “When he has learned both, he pursues whichever he likes better, unless the city needs one more than the other.” (p.45) Thus, in the name of public welfare, a person might have to curb his own wants and desires. He is forced into doing what is good for the society as a whole, while neglecting his own personal happiness. Another point where the societal laws play with the emotions of Utopians is when regulating and limiting the number of individuals in a particular household. “The limit on adults is easily
Prejudging Can Lead To A Disaster In the movie Hitch, Alex Hitchens (Will Smith) makes a statement, "She may not want the whole truth, but she wants the real you, she may not want to see it all at once" (Mordaunt, 2005). Although there may be some truth to this statement, the real truth is never to mislead a person's emotions. This belief that he has, lead him to be in a conflicting situation to where his self-disclosure was prejudged by his actions without creditable evidence of the truth. Because of his non-verbal actions Sarah's feeling were hurt, the truth was misconstrued and the whole situation was blown out of proportion. The speed dating scene exhibited a few concepts of conflict regarding interpersonal communication.
Because there is so much general public discontent with the criminal justice system, policymakers may shy away from seeking public opinion about this issue due to a fear of a reactionary response and demand for a different approach” (Littel, 2000). To address the question, are convicts being corrected, I would say yes and no. If corrections’ leaders would implement prison programs, that have been proven to reduce recidivism, or institute proven programs in lieu of incarceration, a percentage of offenders might not recommit crime. One of the errors made by correctional leaders is that they offer numerous skill development for inmates, but they fail to arrange employment for the offender after they are released. Implementing programs such as Restorative Justice or Day Reporting Centers would be an incentive rather than locking an inmate up in a cell for years who has committed a non-violent crime.