Deindividuated Behaviour Analysis

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- Fraser and Burchell describe deindividuation as ‘ a process whereby normal constraints on behaviour are weakened as people lose their sense of individuality’ - In certain situations such as in crowds or when we wear a uniform or Mask, we are less easily identifiable. - Restraints on aggressive behaviour may become relaxed and we may engage in what Mann calls an ‘orgy of aggressive, selfish and anti-social behaviour. - The point of deindividuation was first made by Le Bon – noted how a person in a crowd ‘descends several rungs of the ladder of civilisation – believed in something called ‘Social contagion ‘. - The perfect conditions for a ‘baiting crowd’ – darkness, distance from person being baited, crowd - Mann analysed 21 incidents…show more content…
They also wore the same gowns - Zimbardo says: being in a large group lessens our awareness of our individuality. You’re faceless and you feel reduced guilt. - He also says: Individual behaviour is rational and conforms to social norms. Deindividuated behaviour is based on primitive urges and doesn’t care about social norms. - Any aggression must have been due to deindividuation. However, perhaps the guards were acting to roll how they were expected to act or how they expected other guards to act NOT deindividuation. After the experiment one guard said he was trying to fulfil the confrontational roll of a warden he had watched in the film ‘Cool Hand Luke’. – demand characteristics. - Also, you cannot assume deindividuation automatically leads to aggression e.g. being anonymous in a peace rally or pilgrimage. Also Nurses uniform - This study is unethical – people were distressed and believed that they could not leave - However mundane realism is an issue. They knew it was not a real prison. Zimbardo only should have acted as the experimenter. He should have had a confederate to come back to him with requests from the…show more content…
As a result, this document can fail to accurately represent a culture, producing misleading data. - One major problem for deindividuation theory is that deindividuation can produce increases in pro-social behaviour rather than aggressive behaviour. - Deindividuation can also lead to a freeing of inhibitions rather than aggression - For example: Gergen et al – men and women were placed in either a lit room (control group) or a completely dark room (experimental group) - Participants who did not know each other were told that there are no rules about what they do together. Also told that after the study, they would not interact with each other. - Participants in the lit room – found the experiment a boring experience - Participants in dark room – First 15 minutes, participants in the dark room chatted idly. Next 30 minutes, conversations turned to more serious matters. Final 15 minutes, they began to get physical. Some became quite intimate – 80% reported feeling sexually aroused and most of them volunteered to take part

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