THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF OIL PALM IN BORNEO For most of its history Borneo was scarcely populated by humans. The unforgiving climate and dense rainforest kept populations small and scattered. In the past half century this has all changed. The influx of more than half a million transmigrants into Borneo over the past thirty years has doubled the island's population and created tremendous demand for jobs. Initially the rubber and logging industries provided employment, but when this collapsed in the mid- (Malaysia) to late-1990s (Kalimantan), work opportunities dried up for most of the local population.
Between 1972 and 2000 an average of 3125 hectares of woodland were cleared each year for fuel wood. Heavy tropical rains from November to April resulted in dramatic erosion of topsoil as there were fewer trees to hold the soil together. This left much of the land barren and unsuitable for agriculture, as well as preventing the re-growth in woodlands. However there are advantages of using fuel wood. One being that wood is a renewable source of energy and it doesn’t
Although the coffee business is progressing in consuming developed countries, the current fallen rock prices have been causing an immense hardship to countries where coffee is the key economic activity and the farmers who produce it. Coffee prices have been at historically low
The problem and the solution to rainforest destruction are both economic. Although one-third of the world’s trees still grow in the Brazillian rainforest, their numbers are being sharply diminished due to deforestation. The causes of deforestation are very complicated. A competitive economy forces the want for money in poorer LEDC’S. Brazil sells logging concessions to raise
There is no real 0domination of one particular species in the Rain Forest and the Trees are typical evergreen trees. Today Madagascar is home to nearly 60 lemurs. Some other types of changes would be the climate change, hunters, and deforestation. I think their biggest threat is that of deforestation on the island. This is a great loss to their habitat Which types of lemurs are adapting to the changes?
Bolivia lacks foreign investments many other nations receive, but for the first time in years had a fiscal surplus in 2008 (CIA). Roughly 40 percent of the working population is agriculturally based, 17 percent is industry based, and 43 percent is service based (CIA). Currently 60 percent of the population is living below the poverty line (CIA). A major concern in Bolivia is that they are the third largest producer of cocaine which greatly discourages other countries from providing foreign aid for a poverty stricken country (CIA). The largest of the Bolivian
Although United States may be in a recession and Vanilla Bicycles doesn’t offer the cheapest bikes around, averaging 7,000 dollars a bike, it hasn’t stopped bicyclist from buying high-quality American-made bikes. The company has an income of 300,000 dollars a year, earning 100,000 dollars in profit, which is more than enough to keep White from ever having to become a bike messenger again. This article reminded me of Chapter 2, Competing in Global Markets, due to the reasons of other bicycle companies that are imported into the country with a much lower resale value. Not only does White face competition from bikes made in China, but other American-made
The nomadic hunter-gatherers, Penan are one of the last such groups in south East Asia. Out of the 10,000 Penan living in the Malaysian state of Sarawak, Borneo, only 20 nomadic people are left. Its been estimated that at least 70% of Sarawak’s primary forest has been licensed for logging and in some places there have been two or three logging passes in the last twenty five years. The Penan tribe is not protected because there is thought to be too much wealth in the forest such as wood and mining and food and the government is poor so they need all the wealth they can get and they don’t see much point in looking after one small tribe when it is better to look after the whole country first. The Penan tribe is a threatened culture due to deforestisation and globalization because their culture is being ‘brought’ by logging companies trading them new technology for land and local knowledge.
It seem population density is to deter crime but that is not truly true because it seem that high density it offer a perfect oppuorunity for property crime . Property crime is about 1/3 out of all crimes that occur. Property crimes has include the follow crimes thefts, larceny, burglary, robbery,sort lifting, arson and vandalism. The statistic has shown that property crime have fell major about 32 percent in a ten year period. Property crime rate , “of 135 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2008 was lower than the rate of 147 per 1,000 households in 2007” and it was 248 attempted or completed property crimes per 1,000U.S.
Rural poverty in Malawi Malawi is one of the world’s poorest countries, ranking 160th out of 182 countries on the Human Development Index. Progress towards reaching the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty has been limited. According to the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report for 2009, about 74 per cent of the population still lives below the income poverty line of US$1.25 a day and 90 per cent below the US$2 a day threshold. The proportion of poor and ultra-poor is highest in rural areas of the southern and northern parts of the country. Access to assets, services and economic opportunities is profoundly unequal across the population.