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THERMODYNAMICS: Science of Energy and Entropy or the study of heat and work and related properties.
Energy: Capability to produce an effect or the capacity for action or ability to cause changes.
Energy Conservation: Energy can change from form to another, but the total amount of energy remains constant.
1st Law of Thermodynamics: An expression of energy conservation principle and it asserts that energy is a thermodynamic property.
2st Law of Thermodynamics: Asserts that energy has quality as well as quantity and actual processes occur in the direction of decreasing energy.
Classical Thermodynamics: The macroscopic approach to the study of thermodynamics. It does not require knowledge of the behavior of individual particles.
Statistical Thermodynamics: The microscopic approach to the study of thermodynamics. It is based on the average behavior of large groups of individual particles.
Units: Magnitudes assigned to dimensions.
Dimensionally homogeneous equation: All the terms in the equation must have the same unit.
Work: is a form of energy defined as force acting through a displacement.
System: A quantity of matter or region in space chosen for study. It can be closed or open.
Closed System: A quantity of matter of fixed mass and identity on which attention is focused for study. No mass crosses the boundary of a closed system (also known as control mass) but energy can.
Open system: A properly selected region in space upon which attention is focused for study or a fixed region of space, bounded by a control surface thro which energy and mass may pass. (also known as control volume).
Boundary: The real or imaginary surface that separates the system from its surroundings.
Surroundings: The mass or region outside the system. The boundaries of a control volume are called a control surface.
Isolated System: No mass or energy is...