Defining Personalit Disorders Essay

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CHAPTER 10 TOPICS ANNETTE POTTER TOPIC ONE DEFINING PERSONALITY DISORDER Personality disorder is an enduring maladaptive pattern for relating to the environment and self, exhibited in a range of contexts that cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress. Personality is the characteristic ways a person behaves and thinks. An aspect of Personality Disorders, the DSM-IV-TR definitions notes that these personality characteristics are inflexible and maladaptive, and cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress. These disorders are chronic and do not come and go but begin in childhood and continue, affecting every part of their life. Some people may not be aware they have a disorder and depend on others to decide whether it is negatively affecting their life. Personality disorders are on Axis II because the traits are more ingrained and inflexible. The way people are diagnosed with personality disorders end up being viewed in categories with two choices either you have or don’t have a disorder, there is no somewhat. The advantage to this is convenience; one problem is the doctors compare this to real things. Some propose the diagnostic section be supplemented with a dimensional model. The five factor model bases off rating people off extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience. On each of these dimensions the patients are rated. The DSM-IV-TR divides personality disorders into three clusters: Cluster A the odd or eccentric (paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal); Cluster B the dramatic, emotional, or erratic (antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic); Cluster C the anxious or fearful (avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive). One survey states as many as one in ten adults in the U.S. may have a personality disorder. Borderline personality disorder is
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