CheckPoint: Attitudes Frederica Phoenix BEH/225 April 22, 2014 Melodie Miller CheckPoint: Attitudes An attitude is said to be a mixture of emotion and belief that is known to predispose a person in order to respond to other people, groups, or objects in either a negative or a positive way. Attitudes are thought to be expressed through emotions, beliefs, as well as actions. Attitudes are formed in several different but basic ways. There is what is called direct contact or personal experiences in which the attitude can derive from. Attitudes are also formed from what is known as chance conditioning.
Stereotypes lead people to expect certain actions from members of social groups. These stereotype-based expectations may lead to self-fulfilling prophecies, in which one's inaccurate expectations about a person's behavior, through social interaction, prompts that person to act in stereotype-consistent ways, thus confirming one's erroneous expectations and validating the stereotype. (Page 94–97) Often time’s people are fairly ignorant of the customs and
In “Causes of Prejudice,” Parrillo would like his audience to see that knowing the differences between the social and psychological perspectives will give a deeper understanding of inter-group relations and the rise of prejudice. These differences branch out into several categories that encapsulate an individual and may or may not be just cause for this insidious behavior towards a group or an individual. The psychological path is noted as being on four levels within an individual’s mien: prejudice, self-justification, personality, and frustration. The sociological approach is geared towards exploring behavior from within a group setting as opposed to an individual’s specific demeanor. His examples prove that there is more than one cause for prejudice and that we must take all of these into account to fully understand how prejudice can come about.
Human nature may refer to many different aspects, and a few of these aspects are the behavioural traits of humankind, the purpose of human life and the importance of soul. Lotario was cynical about human nature while Pico, on the other hand, was more appreciative. Thus, both had different views on human nature. This essay will distinguish the similarities and dissimilarities of Lotario’s and Pico’s views on human nature. Thereafter, an evaluation will be made as to who has a better understanding of the nature of human.
Individual's on the autistic spectrum may struggle with relationship's and social interaction due to difficulties with communication. It would make it difficult for relationship's to work if there is a lack of understanding each other due to the break down in communication. There may be some problems concerning an individual's preference in activities and interests. This is mainly due to a condition that some individual's on the autistic spectrum can find difficulty in which is social creativity, one of the triad of impairments that define ASC. This can cause some restrictions and inflexibility due to the individual in some cases not being able to fully comprehend the transcendence of traditional idea's, rules, pattern's, etc.
For example if someone is getting discriminated for any reason such as age, culture, sex, appearance or many more their behaviour may become negative towards themselves or others. This is a potential effect of discrimination because they may feel that they have had enough of being discriminated and become
CT279: Understanding Sensory Loss. 1, 1, There are a number of factors that can impact individuals with sensory loss, communication and awareness plays a big role in this, they may also find it difficult to feed themselves, dressing, mobility, hobbies and interests can have a major negative impact on their lives. They could also feel scared and alone. There can also be positive factors that could impact on individuals lives, increased help, aids for support and a good support team could give them a better outlook on life. 1, 2, Societal attitudes and beliefs can impact individuals with sensory loss in quite a negative way because people in society can be very judgmental towards people with disabilities, and put them in a group of people with below average intelligence and assume they can’t do or think the same way as other people without disabilities can.
Limitations of the tri-component model The tri-component model of attitudes insist that all three components (affective, behavioural, cognitive) must be present before it can be considered an attitude. Limitations of tri-component model When we aware that there are inconsistencies within our attitudes (that is the way we behave is different from how we believe we should behave) we experience cognitive dissonance. cognitive dissonance Strength of the Attitude-Attitudes and Behaviour A strong attitude is an attitude that is usually thought about, well-known and easily accessible. It also tends to be personally relevant and have a strong underlying emotional component. Accessibility of the Attitude Social Context of the attitude attitudes and behaviour are more likely to be consistent when the
Selfperception affects an individual’s self-efficacy skills, therefore affecting how an individual will communicate their experiences. While self-perception is an important trait to take into consideration when dealing with self-reporting, it does however, as mentioned, affect the validity of the results due to individuals underreporting and over reporting their actions. Comparisons of Limitations All three articles discussed the limitation of self-reporting, more so in Article 1. While self-reporting is indeed a valuable asset, self-reporting at times is affected due to individuals underreporting their behavior, as well as over reporting it (Hauge et al., 2009). Underreporting occurs due to individuals being dishonest regarding their behavior, therefore causing an error in the research done.
Understand how personality traits of introversion and extroversion affect activities in a person’s life. 36. Be able to define instincts and identify examples of instincts. 37. Understand what current theories say about motivation including the drive-reduction theory.