The failure of foreign policy in the years 1514-1525 can be attributed to many things. The combination of Henry's isolation from European affairs and the fact that his attempts to raise tax were ultimately unpopular failures, meant that he had no way to impose himself upon Europe. Even when he did manage to scrape together the finances needed for a strong foreign policy his reliance on his allies led to disaster. As soon as Henry took the throne in 1509, it was obvious that he was a king that wanted to fight a war. However, wars generally led to very expensive costs to the country.
As well as that, there was a very bad harvest in 1621 which caused widespread distress and finally there was wide support for anti-Spanish foreign policy. This meant that money was already short and James had to accept this, but he was a very extravagant king and would struggle to come to terms with not being able to have everything he wanted. Stress would have been a big factor and tension would have been big between the king and Parliament. A main reason that James felt the royal prerogative was under threat in the 1621 Parliament is because of monopolies. Monopolists such as Sir Giles Mompesson and Sir Francis Mithcell were impeached for their corrupt practices in monopolies such as licensing alehouses where many of these alehouses were illegal gambling dens or partly brothels.
Despite the increased responsibility and independence the senate became more subservient to him, “Though at first the senate showed real independence, it soon realised the risk of encroaching too far” (Scullard). This was due to the fact of the growing treason trials and Sejanus’ influence, senators afraid of their safety began to win favour by sycophancy. Whilst through his reserved temperament and ambiguous instructions led confusion to the senate steering towards deterioration, Tacitus notes he remarked them “men fit to be slaves”. This declining power of the senate under Tiberius became more obvious when he administered the empire from Capri failing to create the diarchic balance, Scullard writes “Tiberius had tried and failed and his failure was made irremediable by his retirement to Capri” illustrating the impact on Princeps becoming more dominating issuing imperial
The monarchs of Europe made fun of him, saying that it was too risky and dangerous to attempt such a voyage around the globe. Finally, Columbus arrived in Spain. For many years Spain had been caught up in civil war. As a result, they were behind much of Europe in their development. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella were anxious to prove that Spain could be as powerful and successful as their neighbor Portugal.
Furthermore, proposed indirect taxes on luxury goods such as motor cars and petrol would have affected the Lords as they were among the few rich enough to afford such luxuries. The Lords set up a budget protest league and denounced the budget as “confiscation and robbery”, and breaking with convention overwhelmingly vetoed the budget. A less important reason was that the Lords believed the budget amounted to a social revolution. They were worried by the idea of progressive and redistributive taxation which taxes the rich more heavily. They feared once these principles were established they could be extended to ‘soak the rich’ and even out the unfair distribution of wealth in Edwardian Britain.
“Many people opposed to having a navy they thought it was too expensive”. We were paying too much to tribute to pirates in the Mediterranean to keep them in capturing our ships and enslaving our crews. “The Constitution fought first against French privateers and then Barbary pirates, the War of 1812 was her 3rd conflict and it was one in which she distinguished herself.” “The Distinctive in the Constitution was a unique item of war”, She fit a niche discovered by her designer, Joshua Humphreys.” He realized realized that for a long time, Our navy would be inferior in numbers to the navies of Europe”.” They were so big that they could beat other frigate, they were so fast that they could outrun any more powerful ship”. “In those days it was not considered cowardly to run from a battle with a ship of war of greater
Elizabeth made up a lot of debt mainly by fighting the war with Spain which didn’t end until 1604 and so James had to spend some of the governmental money on funding this war. James also wasn’t very good at political debated or talking to the English parliament as they weren’t keen on his favourable Scots so this led to tension there and them not wanting to help fund the war on Spain now James was king. However id James had worked on getting rid of Elizabeth’s debt from the war, monopolies and purveyance then the economy in England would have been more stable. James had financial issues which were down to Elizabeth and what he inherited from her. In source 1 Smith states that “The Spanish war imposed heavy burdens on the country” which is shown in the fact Elizabeth incurred debts of ‘£300,000 a year in ordinary revenue’, and her expedition in the new world lost the English over £5,000 and gave henry iv of France £20,000 to gain his loyalty.
With the lack of soldiers, it would be easier to invade Rome, which could’ve led to the decline of the Empire. This proves that internal decay was one of the major causes for the end of Rome. Document 6 shows the invasions of Barbarians in 476 on the Roman Empire. This demonstrates that the government and military were becoming weaker to the point where they weren’t strong enough to protect the empire from invasions. The government could not control all these invasions, so this was another component that helped the fall of the Roman Empire.
The only problem with this idea is that other countries began to feel threatened not only by America but by other countries also. It was not a complete shock when Spain and America went to war. Since the idea of imperialism was being tossed around by countries, Spain had control over Cuba and other countries, the goods that were being exported from these countries to America and surrounding areas were being threatened to be cut off. American ended up going to war with Spain to prevent these things from happening. Just think if Spain still had control over Cuba and Hawaii, we would have to spend more money as a country to import sugar and pineapples.
The changes were Europe’s craving hunger for knowledge and the Church’s decline in power. The end of the Middle ages was mostly in part due to deplorable wars such as the Crusades, the Peasant Revolt, and due to significant ambition for knowledge among the individuals of Europe and the decline in the Church’s power. Long, bloody, and brutal expeditions also known as the Crusades, greatly impacted the end of the Middle Ages due to the chaotic disorder and bedlam it caused as well as the newfound finance and trade markets it brought. War is never a good thing for a country, and a prolong war such as the Crusades did bring disorder to Europe. Many lives were lost and those who came back were spiritually and mentally affected and placed in asylums.