Declaration Of Independence V. The Iroquois Consti

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Declaration V. Constitution During the revolutionary times, people sought for change from their current ways of leaderships. A way many groups acted on this need for change were through revolutions and wars. Old governments were disabled and new governments were created. An effective method in which this was done was through the establishment of constitutions. An example of this is the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution of the Iroquois. The speakers of both constitutions use different techniques to convey their differing views of the world during their era, in their situations. In the Declaration of Independence, the speakers use rhetorical shift as one of their devices. They do this in order to engage the readers, catch the audience’s interest, and to explain the deeper purpose for the written piece. The writers start off by appealing to his audience through ethos, and then later switches to logos. They begin the text by stating what a true government should be and the values it should hold. They go from sharing their views on what the idealistic, moralistic idea of what a government should do, to stating facts about how their current government has transgressed and oppressed them. This section of the Declaration is known as the grievances, and it lists all the wrong doings of the King of Britain on them and they make their plan to abolish his rule over them known. Through this they convey the idea that if a current government is not function as it should, it should be done away with and replaced. The writers also use contrast. The text states, “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers
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