New ideas and beliefs spread through Europe and worldwide and marked a change from only having religious texts to also providing intellectual texts. John Locke, an English Enlightenment thinker, shared his views on society in his text Two Treatises on Government. He claimed that nobody should have more power than another and the people should live in state of equality (Doc 2). Up until this point, the church had all the authority but Locke provided insight that everyone should be equal. Baron de Montesquieu, a French Enlightenment thinker, said in his book The Spirit of Laws that he thought “there should sorts of power; the legislative; the executive… and the judicial” (Doc 3).
In order for the EU to achieve bringing Europe together after World War 2 they would need to expand. Its original and early members included, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Germany. Early member states included the UK. The advantages for the states to include post communist states would help democracy thrive after being under communist leadership. Enlarging the EU would bring democratic institutions, protect human rights, and would end the divisions in Europe which would benefit the member stated who would be bringing peace to the region.
Collective security had a better response towards aggression rather than appeasement. This is because a lot more European countries didn’t approve of the decision made during the Munich Conference. Winston Churchill was one person who strong didn’t approve with this decision. He was a British politician who thought, “keeping peace depends on holding back the aggressor” (Document 6). Churchill believed that in order to guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia, Europe should have held Germany back and Britain and France should have worked together as an alliance.
In the process, they could hold back a number of potential rebellions and create a consensus of popular support for the rule of a new, privileged leadership.When we look at the American Revolution this way, it was a work of genius, and the Founding Fathers deserve the awed tribute they have received over the centuries. They created the most effective system of national control devised in modern times, and showed future generations of leaders the advantages of combining paternalism with command. 2. According to Zinn, how did the creation of the United States benefit the upper class? They created a world where a few families owned most of the wealth.
Moreover, the Federalist and Democratic-Republicans differed in their views on foreign affairs. As the war in Europe between Britain and France carried on, the United States was put into a dilemma about what to do. In a letter to Eliot Brown, Thomas Jefferson said “the embargo, giving time to the belligerent powers to revise their unjust proceedings…while these edicts are in force, no American can ever consent to a return of peaceable intercourse with those who maintain them”. To keep the United States out of the war between the two European nations, Thomas Jefferson, who was a Democratic-Republican, enforced the embargo act which did not allow trade for the United States.
It also showed France and Great Britain that America was beginning to form its own government, which would help achieve respect as a country. Document D shows the John Jay’s Treaty of 1784 where Britain agreed to the request of the states that they abandon their trading posts in the north-west and limit ship seizures because, America feared that Britain did not accept the Treaty of Paris and would later rebel. This agreement shows that the American government was earning respect and was becoming a stronger country that assumed some power in the world. Document E indicated how the articles were proved effective because the map shows the different Land Ordinances between the dates of 1781-1802 made by congress were very successful. Congress was able to handle these difficult tasks which seemed unsolvable with such understanding.
But Americans were not backing down; in fact it was the exact opposite. John Jays letter to Parliament and Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” were two amongst many publishing’s strongly stating that ties from Britain would mean the flourishing of free trade for America. America, with the assistance of France, would soon gain this independence politically and would soon look into commercial trade as a crucial issue. Through Benjamin Franklins views, Americans believed that “the War of Independence was as much about guaranteeing commercial freedom as it was about securing natural rights”(Lambert 40). However much they thought Independence politically would translate to the trading world Americans would soon find that “demanding a full measure of independence at home, they would undermine the independence of America in the Atlantic world” (Lambert
Napoleon Bonaparte changed the world’s culture, spreading French revolutionary ideas throughout his empire. He created a book of laws (Le Code Napoleon), which gave France its first structured set of modern rules. The emperor also granted the people of his empire, freedom of religion, allowing everyone to believe in what they choose to be true. Finally the males of his empire were given equal rights allowing any male the right to gain wealth and power whether they are rich or poor. Napoleon Bonaparte improved culture in France setting the foundation for change in Europe, creating Frances first structured set of laws, allowing freedom of religion in his empire, and finally breaking the boundary that divided the social classes.
Absolutism Cardinal Richelieu was a political advisor to Louis XIII. His powerful leadership as Frances first minister helped the country to become a one of the most powerful in Europe. He made sound political decisions or at least to the opinion of Louis XIV. Cardinal Richelieu believed that for France to have a significant European state, Louis XIV must rule as an absolutist. Cardinal Richelieu also helped Louis XIV gain control of France by ceasing the rebellion of the Huguenots and stripping them of all of their political and military power.
In the 1700s, Europeans saw numerous opportunities in the New World. They envisioned the colonization as a chance for them to live a free and prosperous life, but, in reality, the American colonists faced many setbacks. The tension between Great Britain and the New England colonies led to American Revolution. In Transcript of Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson acknowledged how the act of force was a rational option in order to obtain liberty from Great Britain; however, in The Rise and Fall of the Newburgh Conspiracy, George Marshall depicted how there is a more reasonable alternative to resolving problems within the new independent country. In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson explained how governments should not be overthrown for petty reasons, but he believed the King of Great Britain had taken the situation too far.