Firstly, the advancement of technology was a big step in rise of towns. When we refer to technology we refer especially to agricultural progressions. That is to say, farmers were able to produce more in less time then before. A few advancements allowed this progression. One of them could be the replacement of oxen by horses for plowing (horses pulled the plow faster).
In the AAA’s first year the supply of food outstripped the demand. The AAA could raise prices by paying farmers to destroy crops, milk and livestock. To control production and farm prices the AAA paid farmers to leave some of their land uncultivated. For example if the markets demand for wheat and cotton decreased the AAA would give money to farmers as subsides which are grants of money given to farmers or any other
The increase in state procurement also meant that exports of grain increased. Grain exports peaked in 1931 with five million tonnes sold abroad. Although five million tonnes was the peak, 1931 was at the beginning of the Wall Street crash meaning that the grain would have been sold for minimum value. With machine tractor stations put in place to hand out fertiliser and other resources to the collectivised farms it was much easier for the government to keep control and watch over the peasants. The kolkhozy and sovkhozy collective farms were much easier to watch and control than traditional peasant villages.
I mostly agree that collectivisation made an essential contribution to Stalin’s transformation of the economy. It helped to increase production and consequently came the increase in industrialisation. Despite many obvious failures of collectivisation, economically, it was mainly successful. However, I believe that other factors such as the five year plans also had a significant impact on the transformation of the economy. Collectivisation was the process by which Russian agriculture was reformed.
The century of the 1800s saw massive amounts of change, especially in places like Great Britain. Many citizens in rural areas found themselves migrating more towards living in the cities. Thanks to new agricultural technology, the industrial revolution and changing social environments people during the 1800s started to move to cities in large numbers. Farming has been a well known trade for centuries but during the 1800s farmers started to become more creative and new technology was mad to enhance farming techniques. With technology like the steel plow and the use of crop rotation, farmers were able to produce more food using half the amount of resources.
The agricultural development in the United States evolved tremendously during the late 1700s to mid-1800s around 1840. Farmers from different regions started to transport goods from one another. The new systems of transportation and farming machinery allowed the transition from labor driven farming. Farmers and their families started to migrate to regions to work in the factories with more productive and were less labor driven (Brinkley, 2007). In the northwest region the population increased therefore, the demand for food did as well.
Conscription soaked up rural unemployment and some peasants grew prosperous. Fiat received cheap loans to re-equip factories and military contracts because of the strength of demand for army vehicles. Fiat also grew fivefold. The industrial north benefited most from the war, describing it as a ‘total war’ and in the south the gap with the poverty stricken grew wider. By the time it came to 1918 food shortages had caused riots and discontent and the government was finding it difficult to keep the army supplied.
When Witte placed emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that jobs were created in towns and cities. Serfs came from rural areas in the hope of a better way of life, which led to urban areas quickly expanding. The populations of Moscow and St. Petersburg more than doubled between 1881 and 1910. A large textiles industry grew around Moscow
The American social welfare structure has been formed both by long existing traditions and by changes of economic and social conditions. Before, the United States was an expanding country with a vast boundary and a primarily agricultural economy. Up to 1870, more than half of labor forces were farmers. However, some years later, industry developed quickly and the economy was increasingly characterized by industrialization, specialization, and urbanization. This comes to the result: The United States was a Nation having more employees who were dependent on a running flow of money income to provide for themselves and their families.
This population problem coupled with new agricultural developments such as enclosure acts, which doubled crop production using fewer workers meant that there were many agricultural workers who were jobless. These moved to industrious areas such as Manchester known as Cottonopolis or emigrated to countries such as America to find work where it was advertised a new life could be made. Some moved to industrious areas and then moved on to America. Many of the English migrants pursued the same trades they were accustomed to in England, many agricultural workers remained agricultural workers some establishing their own farms. Englishmen with skills in the cotton industry brought with them the technological skills to establish a cotton industry in America, Samuel Slater who was apprentice to Richard Arkwright and