Answer: It was definite that the Afonso was against slavery. I think he was definitely more against when his innocent people were taken and stamped by white men. I think he was more lenient on using the captured people as slaves, but not the innocent. 2. What steps has the king taken to deal with the problems caused by the Portuguese?
AP WORLD HISTORY DBQ Using the documents, analyze African actions and reactions in response to the European Scramble for Africa. Identify an additional type of document and explain how it would help in assessing African actions and reactions. In the 1880s, European powers colonized and controlled Africa to gain resources. This process has become known as the Scramble for Africa. The cunning actions of the European powers in Africa led to a disdain among the Africans against the Europeans, which set off violent rebellions that eventually helped lead Africa to liberty in the future.
During this period, the African leaders reacted to the Scramble for Africa in different ways including, by political or cultural behavior, fighting back or surrendering. The European invasion of Africa lead the Africans to respond in several different ways, one of which being responding with political or cultural behavior. (Documents 1,2,3, and 8). In document 1 the Royal Niger Company made a standard form contract for multiple African leaders to sign in order to imperialize the Delta. The British government discussed not entering a war with the Africans or interfering with any of the native laws and customs for control of the Nile River.
To what extend was the colonisation and decolonisation of Britain’s Africa driven by individuals within Africa? Before the 1870’s Africa was largely unknown to the outside world but, in the 1880’s the scramble of Africa began, where European counties, especially Britain all wanted to colonise Africa. Was the whole reason for British colonising Africa economically or strategically driven or was it led by individuals in Africa (men on the spot) or was it more of a top down process led by the government in Britain? And even though Britain fought so hard to control large parts of Africa it is clear that after World II Britain’s empire was declining especially after India gain independence in 1947. However, the British did try to revive their African empire in the late 40’s and early 50’s but their sudden fall into a steep imperial decline with the Suez crises saw individuals like Macmillan to acknowledge that decolonisation was the only way forward, as it would be more beneficial for Britain to decolonise than to resist the rise of nationalism.
Europe wanted to set up and colonize in Africa, mainly because of Africa's raw materials it was purely economic. . (Iweriebor, 2011) The African's did not take kind to this, and it provoked not only African political responses but also diplomatic responses and military resistance. A lot of treaties of protection for the leaders of African societies, states, and empires went out. There was a lot of controversy about these treaties and eventually the military had to step in.
Imperialism in Africa In 1884, European imperialist nations met at the Berlin Conference and carved Africa up like a cake. Great Britain took Rhodesia, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa, while Portugal took Angola and Mozambique, and Belgium took the Congo. France set up colonies in Morocco, West Africa, Algeria, and Madagascar, while Italy took Libya and Eritrea, and Spain took Rio de Oro. At the Conference, (which did not include African representatives), Europe based new colonial boundaries on natural resources and disregarded the tribal and ethnic boundaries that had existed for centuries. Enemy tribes were often forced to live together, which resulted in civil wars over the years.
DBQ Essay European powers began carving up pieces of Africa and trying to colonize various African territory in what we now call the Scramble for Africa. In some instances, African tribes were willing to cooperate with European countries particularly when customs were not infringed upon, but most often tribes were broken down and colonized by force leading to the eventual reaction of rebellion if they were unable to resist European imperialism which some African regions were actually able to do in response to intruding Europeans. Although the Niger River delta and surrounding areas were to be developed by the Royal Niger Company with the cooperation of multiple African rulers in 1886, Prempeh I, an Ashanti leader was also willing to cooperate with Britain without giving up its land. However, it is not surprising that multiple African rulers were willing to cooperate considering the fact that the Royal Niger Company promised “not to interfere with any of the native laws or customs of the country.” (Doc 1) On the other hand, you have Ashanti that was willing to work with European countries but did not want to “commit itself to any such policy.” Ashanti is a prime example of how colonization doesn’t determine whether or not the African place or region will “remain friendly with all White men.” (Doc 2) However, some African responses were to remain independent from European imperialism at all costs, no matter the wars they may have had to endure. Ethiopia, for example in 1891 was ruled by Menelik II and spoke of Ethiopia’s need to remain free for religious reasons under the conviction that God would help them through.
During the domination of the British and the Dutch descendant Afrikaners the native black South Africans were seen as secondary. Because the Boers believed that South African was a God-given country, they therefore saw all native black South Africans as a threat. Since the Boers were the first to settle in South Africa, it was also part of their culture to feel superior, because they found the land first; it was a “God-given” land. They believed strongly Protestantism and truly felt the land was for them. Consequently they became unhappy when the British settlers arrived and wanted to claim the land as Britain’s.
Some of the first civilizations started in Africa, and forever after other civilizations wanted to conquer Africa as a means of showing their global superiority. Africa's worst domination, however, came from the Europeans. European colonization set the stage for imperialism that Africa deals with to this day. Before the resurgence of imperialism Africa was a resourceful continent. During imperialism, Europeans went into Africa and stripped its land of its resources and this also changed the climate negatively.
He published Things Fall Apart in 1959. It was a response to other novels that depicted Africa as primordial and cultureless. Achebe was able to illustrate religion, race, and culture amongst other topics from both African and European viewpoints due to his English education and European exposure. Things Fall Apart was to be a responds to the colonial accounts of Africa, therefore the book took a political standing. Many of his novels address the post-colonial social and political issues that Nigeria still faces.