In order to live off the land, the Sumerians needed to keep their irrigation systems up and running to prevent flooding or drought by the surrounding rivers. “The rich soil produced abundant crops of barley, emmer (a kind of wheat), beans, olives, grapes, and flax” (Hollar, 2011, p. 20). For the first time in history, the Sumerians were able to feed everybody on the land. “This great change in living habits brought about civilization— defined as a city-based society held together by economic enterprises” (Hollar, 2011, p.20). Eventually, the plow was invented which made farming easier for the Sumerians.
There are many differences and similarities between the Mesopotamian river civilization and Egyptian river civilization. The first difference is economy. Egyptians depended heavily on farming. Being close to the Nile allowed easy access to water needed for crops. Seasonal flooding fertilized the land for the next year's crops and Agriculture was essential for survival, growth, and economic success.
With the help of domesticated animals, a source of water, and fertilized land, a surplus of food could be provided, thus allowing both civilizations to grow a foundation for their economy. With these factors, both civilizations were able to grow food (mostly grains such as wheat and barley) with the help of irrigation systems, both societies conducted from water sources provided by the river valleys. Floods from the rivers, helped to water crops, but also caused problems. In Egypt these floods were predictable, so planning ahead could assist in farming, but Mesopotamia wasn’t as fortunate, and couldn’t plan around these floods. As both societies began to increase agriculture, larger communities emerged as a result of successful economies.
Rawtopia is the topia. Sir Thomas Mores Utopia and Rawtopia have several similarities .Such as the use of farmers and farming w the crops ,wood,and food and other useful things that people want or need in there everyday lives. Also another simalarity is trade and having everyone work in the society to keep eachother alive coltavating the foods. Finally the use of the same pattern clothes for everyone. We also have our differences like our government, schools and money use.
many hunters and gatherers lived along the coastal plains of modern Syria and Israel and in the valleys and hills near the Zagros Mountains (Kreis 2013). Instead of constantly having to travel for food, they would find themselves staying in one region and start using what was around them. This was the beginning of civilization as we know it. Sumerian civilization was not just a civilization, but also a foundation for many civilizations that followed which adopted and implemented many of its developments and inventions (Kreis 2013). One of the biggest contributions to civilization by the Sumerians, Egyptians, and Hebrews was the invention of agriculture.
In order for a group of people to even become food producers they had to live in a geographical area that had domestic able plants, as well as a climate that would support their growth. The transition from hunter gatherer to food producer enabled people to become sedentary. Farmers remained near their crops and had more children than hunter gatherers because they weren’t moving around looking for food. This in turn gave rise to the population growth. Food production also led to the storage of food surpluses.
Flood water irrigation systems were largely constructed. This system provided greater surplus for the entire population. Aztec applied crop rotation and fertilizers to increase production. The most extensive and highly achieved technique of irrigation were the Chinampas. They were highly productive plots of shallow bed that floated on lakes, by alternating layers of vegetation and mud.
They also shown a vast majority of differences with concern to those areas as well. Upon examining these ancient civilizations, it is possible to see that these two civilizations had a lot in common. For starters, they had both developed near a River, which proved to be very beneficial to the thriving of the two civilizations. Because of the closeness to their respective rivers these civilizations possessed, they were provided with an easily accessible water source, which they would use in return to help water their plants thanks to the annual flooding of the two rivers leaving behind fertile soil. The Huang He River Civilization was able to grow rice plants, which provided them with rice, the staple of their diet making them able to strive.
The rainforest would provide them with their necessities such as clothes, food, tools, weapons and other useful thing. It rained just about everyday, although the temperature was not cold during the day. The environment was an important role in what the Mayans culture became, they needed rain and warmth to keep both the animals and the humans alive. The Mayans learned the strategies of doing things like , making clothing, jewelry, planting crops etc. The Mayans grew mostly maize (corn), squash, and beans together with manioc, yucca and sweet potatoes.
Mesopotamia, also known as “The land between two rivers”, was an area where civilization was first born. Mesopotamia was located directly between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011). Both the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers were extremely important geographical factors to civilization that existed in the Mesopotamia. The area provided a great source for agriculture due to the rich soil. When the Euphrates and Tigris rivers flood, the land eventually dries up and leaves behind rich mud and clay.