Persian Empire The Persian Empire was one of not just a great military conquering empire but one of immense beauty and technological engineering of it’s kind and age. This empire was built on engineering feats never before seen from roadways to canals, to even finding water and filter water from rocks Persia was also ruled by some of the greatest kings of all time, from Cyrus the Great to Darius the III. This vast empire was ruled all the way from North Africa to Northern India or otherwise know as Asia minor. One of the first kings of Persia was Cyrus the Great. Cyrus knew that one thing they needed to become one of the greatest empires of all time was to be able to channel water to there empire, so Cyrus was the first to come up with the first way of getting water out of rocks.
Roman Culture has had many influences on the way we build and live in modern civilization. Many aspects of our government system were conceived and perfected in the roman culture. Building techniques and engineering concepts that now form the backbone of our infrastructure were invented thousands of years ago out of necessity by the Roman Empire. The Romans were also largely responsible for the spread of Christianity, which was (and is) a large part of our development as a society. The Romans were one of the first civilizations of their kind, their 1000 year reign of power found them Making new discoveries and inventions out of necessity to support their ever growing society.
“Writing was developed to meet the needs of the more complex urban societies that are often referred to as civilizations and particularly to meet the needs of the state, a new political form that developed during the time”(Page 34). This statement simply explains how important the writing system was to those people living in these ages. The Flintstones can relate to this because they even wrote off rocks as a way of getting their message across. The earliest writing systems suggests that Mesopotamia’s writing appeared first. “That writing system, invented by the Sumerians, emerged in Mesopotamia around 3500 BCE.
For nearly four hundred years, the Roman Empire dominated the western world. Many characteristics made it possible to achieve feats that seemed impossible. Engineering and technology were the key components to the development and great empire, which produced remarkable structures and designs that are in the present world today. ! The people in Ancient Rome put their knowledge to work to build aqueducts to ﬁx their major problem of water so they can devote their time to building other impressive things like the Colosseum, the Amphitheater, and bridges.
Each city-state enjoyed its own freedoms, but also shared many of the same things including language, religion and sciences. Trade between the city-states was also very important because it allowed goods to flow from one city to another. One of the most interesting facts about Mesopotamia can be seen in Hammurabi’s Code, the Amorite King Hammurabi’s list of crimes and punishments, which is known to be the earliest written “legal” writing of the time. Hammurabi’s code contains the famously known saying: “if a man has destroyed the eye of a member of the aristocracy: thy shall destroy his eye. If he has broken his limb: thy shall break the same limb.” Many people know about this saying but do not know where it came from; it is extremely interesting that it came from one of the earliest civilizations.
Hammurabi had his scribes create the world's first written, comprehensive law code. Hammurabi claimed that these laws were sanctioned by the gods, and had copies carved on markers to be placed in key locations throughout his cities. This code unified his empire by creating standards and solidified King Hammurabi’s authority over his empire. King Hammurabi made sure that first the Code of Hammurabi acclaimed that the Hammurabi King was the only source of authority and power. The
They were engaged in trading with the surrounding peoples to get the resources their home land would not provide them with. The Mesopotamians believed that the role of the humans was to serve the gods and to feed them through sacrifice. The king in Mesopotamia was responsible for regulating all aspects of his peoples lives. The Mesopotamians also had a very complex math system and used a number system that was from 1-60. Egyptian people were a more optimistic people than the Mesopotamians, and they valued the water
The Mayans made several breakthroughs in these fields. This includes the invention of the Mayan calendars, one with 260 days and the other with 365 days. The Aztecs made many other inventions, as they made advances in math and astronomy, as well. The Incas also made discoveries in math, which led to the making of the quipu and other tools. The Mayan civilization began about 3,000 years ago in what is today Mexico.
The Sumerians who were the first people who built the earliest civilization of Mesopotamia, the language was the first human tongue to have been expressed into writing. The Sumerian writing where created to record economic resources account of a temple as a temple scribe. The writing was holly and difficult, that only certain chosen people can learn cuneiform and help temple to record. Cuneiform came from the Latin word cuneus, wedge. During the Mesopotamia period, people learnt to record events and important message on solid objects such as walls, clay tablets, and etc.
Votive Statue of Eannatum, Prince of Lagash My museum object is on Eannatum, the prince of Lagash, and I chose this particular piece because it was the most unique from all the other pieces. The votive statue is from the Early Dynastic II period, which lasted from, 2600 to 2340 B.C. The unique fact about this statue is that, on the back of the statue, there is a genuine inscription on his back, where the cuneiform script for ‘Eannatum, prince of Lagash, son of Akurgal has been carefully chipped out of the rock (Lin). The inscription has a pictographic base and on the statue if looking closely, you can see the prince’s name inscribed in the upper right shoulder. Eannatum means, “worthy of e-anna” and was given in respect to the planetary goddess, Inanna, who was basically the Venus of the Romans.