Poverty and Food Insecurity and Hunger Profile of Liberia November 14, 2005 I. Introduction After many years of civil war, the Liberian society has been left with all of its institutions in disarray; basic social services (education, health, electricity, water and sanitation, etc) are hardly available, there is massive displacement of the population and a good number of the population is still in refugee camps. The real sector of the economy is paralyzed. Moreover, the mis-management of its financial and natural resources by public officials burden the country. These and many other problems have led to the country’s poor economic growth performance, paralyzed manufacturing sector, high rates of inflation, massive displacement of the population, and high unemployment rate, which have culminated into extreme poverty and food insecurity and hunger amongst the population.
This lead to the French revolution, because the king needed more money, and had to call a meeting of the estates general, and increase the tax burden on the third estate, which all link back to government debt. Another cause was the bad harvest. Due to bad weather there was very bad harvest, and as the poor peasants relied on farming it wasn’t good. Bread was also a big part of their diet, but because of the bad harvest, bread prices rose and it was not affordable to the peasants. This caused the French revolution, because the poor people were starving, and the rose up to the king to get what they wanted.
In a case study called “Vulnerable Populations” Dr. Richard Zoraster (2010) mentions “Hurricane Katrina demonstrated many of the risk within the United States. These factors include poverty, home ownership, poor English, ethnic minorities, immigrant status and high density housing”. Social vulnerable populations are at risk during a disaster because of their socio-economic standing. Lack of money and transportation hindered their attempts to evacuate. Furthermore, a large number of residents did not trust the local authorities and refused to evacuate.
Subsistence farming is used in the Central African Republic to make ends meet. However, this becomes very difficult because of the extreme dry weathers where an excess of sun kills a majority of the crops and results in corn that that is not sufficient for the people in CAR. Some instances in CAR even went to an extent that families had been forced to sell their possessions and pull children out of school and resort to begging in order to gain an income to feed the families of CAR. To worsen the problem, the conflict between Christians and the Muslim minority forced 600000 people to move to other parts of the country. The production of crops is now 54% lower than pre-crisis levels.
A government policy of enclosure was implemented, which greatly upset traditional, rural societies. Tenant farmers would now only employ labourers to do short term work on the farms, for jobs such as hedging or ditching. There was now a surplus of labourer due to deflation after the French wars, a population increase alongside a non-agricultural employment decrease, and the development of agricultural machinery. It is easy to see why people protested against this, many men were jobless and unable to feed their families, and the little work there was was sparse and low paid. It was also due to political reasons that people protested during the Swing Riots.
During this time in the New World the demand for food was incredibly high, and only the wealthy were the ones lucky enough to get a real meal each day (Kupperman). Times were extremely tough and being an indentured servant made things even harder. Obviously during this time the importance of food was very crucial to everyone but, as for the servants food was something that many of them could only dream of or even be lucky enough to receive. This hardship associated with food began on the journey to the New World from England when many servants died of starvation. Then it continued because
A wave of crop failures in the 1780’s led to extreme scarcity of food. Combined with the heavy taxes citizens were paying to compensate for the war abroad, prices for bread grew heavily and the people’s resentment soared. The food shortages forced rural residents to leave the countryside and live in a very overcrowded, hungry and disgruntled Paris. It was these people who were most responsible for the revolution. The economy only got worse
Here the civilians cannot tend to their land, which causes hem to looses any crops they may have been farming, leading to hunger amongst their towns or village. There is no better example of this than all of the civil wars in African countries like Kenya, Somalia, and Rwanda. “ Every
1. An example of the chain of events that leads to a "natural" famine (not the direct result of war or civil strife) is a poor harvest due to a drought the drought caused failed crops (the plants and animals died or did not grow well because there wasn't enough water) which means there's not enough food for people to buy. 2. The price of food therefore goes up and the poor people can't afford it so they are starving but as things get worse there's not even enough food for the rich people to buy.The famine is basically the result of a natural disaster (the drought) 3. War and civil strife are two of the greatest causes of famine.
The lack of usable land in Russia and the subdivison of land between families both resulted in an incredibly low income, especially for larger families. This combined with the illiteracy of the people and refusal of the Tsar to provide basic education meant that there was no way to escape the misfortunes of life as a peasant. The poor harvests of 1900 and 1902 worsened matters even further and fuelled the peasants anger. The famines and starvation that followed provided sufficient evidence that the Tsar was not a born leader, “gifted and sent from God” as they had been taught to believe, but a weak and incompetent leader, incapable of making decisions or change. Another issue was that whilst the Tsar encouraged the industrial growth of Russia, and was keen for the country to become an industrial power, when peasants then left the land to work in the developing enterprises, they discovered that their living conditions did not improve.