Dbq Essay Ap

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When Buddhism was first introduced in China, it was met with mixed feelings. Throughout China’s history, Buddhism has been both supported and opposed, often destructively. Buddhism was strongly opposed by the scholar-gentry specifically, since they wanted to retain their status of being the only ones able to study the Confucian ideals, and therefore pass the civil service exams presented by the Chinese government. Buddhism however was still a driving force since it later gained support from leaders, such as Empress Wu, and people who created monasteries to avoid paying taxes. Documents 2 and 3 support Buddhism and attempt to persuade others in favor of it. Documents 4 and 6 give reasons against the support of Buddhism. Documents 1 and 5 have no viewpoint on Buddhism, although they were both written by people who had followed Buddhism. Zhi Dun, who is a scholar and confidant of the aristocratic class around 350 C.E. (doc 2), lists the great aspects of Buddhism and how enjoyable it would be to be released into Nirvana. This was strange for a man of the aristocratic class to say, since the aristocrats typically favored Confucianism. This was stated during a time of invasion, and the invaders may have been Buddhist, and Zhi Dun was siding with the invaders fearing that the government would be overrun. An anonymous Chinese scholar (doc 3) notes in “The Disposition of Error” around 500 C.E. a series of questions and answers where the questions tend to view Buddhism negatively, but the answers counter them with reasoning. Han Yu, a Confucian scholar during the Tang dynasty writes an essay titled “Memorial on Buddhism” (doc 4), which tells of an upcoming procession where a relic from India is brought to the emperor’s palace. He tells of all the negative events that will occur if the procession is allowed to continue, and how they don’t conform to Confucius’ teachings. He

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