Dbq 16 Essay

531 Words3 Pages
European imperialism rose between 1870 and 1920 because of economic, political, and social forces. The Industrial revolution helped advance the European nations through technology. These nations were able to control over many areas around the world. Economic forces such as survival of the fittest, political forces such as growing powers of governments, and social forces such as racism. They were most responsible for the new imperialism. It begun in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Economic forces played a huge role in the Europe’s nation. One example of the political forces would be, survival of the fittest. In Document 5, William L. Langer says, “But the economic side, must not be allowed to obscure the other factors. He claims that it only brought out competition and struggle. Everybody is trying to compete to gain more money but with that comes struggle. Survival of the fittest was a huge economic force. It stands alone and is very proud. Growing powers of government were the most responsible political forces for the imperialism. In Document 9,the map of imperialism in Africa clearly shows the cause of imperialism. There were many European countries that had settled in Africa. This showed the growth of the European government throughout all of Africa. Many Europeans believed they were better than other people. Racism was most responsible for the social force of imperialism. In Document 4, Cecil Rhodes states, “I contend that we are the finest race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race”. Cecile Rhodes believes the reason for imperialism is the different races. He believes that the Britons must inhabit the world, and that it would be better for the human race. This is racism in the sense that Rhodes believes the Britons are better than everybody else. Document 7 also refers to racism because, The President,
Open Document