From 1760 to 1830 the Industrial Revolution was largely taking place in Britain. The major changes involved in the British Industrial Revolution were technological, socioeconomic, and cultural changes. One of the biggest technological movements for the British was the use of mechanical power and was the key to success of Britain’s Industrial Revolution. The British designed and built water mills and steam engines that efficiently powered a wide variety of machines and equipment. With this new development, entrepreneurs began to open new workshops and forced their employees to work long strenuous hours to produce their goods.
Since the Civil War ended in the late 1800’s, many inventions and innovations started to skyrocket in production, which led to what is now called the Industrial Revolution. This revolution really made an impact on how the people of America lived. Faster transportation, like the railroads and locomotives, made it easier for settlers to move out west where a lot of the industry work started. Inventions also made a huge impact on how people lived and made their daily lives easier. Some of these inventions were electricity, the sewing machine, the telephone, and the Model T Ford.
Slavery and population had a big affect on the next 100 years of the United States history. The US also changed diversely with new innovations like roads, waterways, railroads, steamboats, and refrigerated railroad cars. A few new innovations that changed or improved from 1776 to 1870 are the roadways, waterways, railroads, steamboats, and refrigerated railroad cars. Roadways were an innovation that created a way for easier, and faster transportation. Waterways were also a way for transportation, to cut out a lot of land, and cut out time.
Chapter 22: The Early Industrial Revolution 1760- 1851 I. Causes of the Industrial revolution i. Population Growth * Many factors caused the increase in population growth, some including, reliable food supplies, high birthrates and immunity to diseases * Children were the majority of the population * Migration also allowed population growth; people move from the country side to the cities * Industrial Revolution: The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes that occurred in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. ii. Agricultural Revolution * Agriculture Revolution: The agricultural revolution was a period of agricultural development between the 18th century and the end of the 19th century, which saw a massive and rapid increase in agricultural production * It began before the 18th century .Farmers increased agricultural production, milk production, and the addition of new crops * Many wealthy landowners invested in new farming techniques and new crops * The wealthy secluded their lands to apply new methods on their farm crops iii. Trade and Inventiveness * Demands for goods increased in Europe * Population growth and agricultural production increase were added to the growth and trade and technology demands * Eli Whitney and John Hall invented the machine tools that were capable of making other machines * Benjamin Franklin and others experimented with electricity iv.
This increase was partly due to an influx of immigrants. 2 Immigration increased the U.S. population and it also created a new source of laborers. In addition to social changes, there were dramatic changes in the labor movement which happened between the years 1877 and the 1920s. With the end of the Civil War, industries began booming and the railroad industry especially increased: in fact, the railroad industry was the second largest industry in the United States and agriculture was the first largest. The year 1877 is famous for the Great Upheaval which is also known as the Great Railroad Strike of 1877.
He linked industrial growth with a stronger nation politically and economically, and was inspired by the more developed nations in the west. He invited foreign experts from more industrialised countries like Britain, France and Germany to Russia to advise him on modernisation. He realised that he would have to have policies that would allow individual business people to start factories and encourage metalwork. His policies were successful, because industrial growth increased on average by 8% a year between 1890 and 1899, which was the highest growth rate of any of the world’s major economies. When Witte placed emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that jobs were created in towns and cities.
So "during the 19th century, the society and economy were completely altered due to the many new inventions created"(Essay written by Haisam Daouk, Hayat Showail, Kristelle Manassian, and Shahnaz Maktabi). Also, population increased all over the world. The rate of Industrial growth in 1913 right before the World war one increased dramatically in UK, France, Germany, Russia, and Italy. These five countries(and Austria-Hungary) are the main countries of World War one. These events all lead to Militarism, a better economy and foreign trade, led to countries having more money to buy weapons.
All of these issues helped to shape the American nation and its people. After the Civil War, the development of improved industrial methods and the arrival of masses of immigrants eager for factory jobs launched a new era of mass production in the United States. The nation turned its efforts toward economic recovery and expansion. America's abundant supply of natural resources, such as coal and oil, encouraged investment. Much of this investment came from already industrialized countries like Germany, Great Britain, and France whose business owners looked for new investment opportunities in the United States.
To a certain extent, the industry of China had been transformed within this period, particularly due to the advancement of these heavy industries. For instance, 88.8% of state capital investment in industry went towards the developing of these heavy industries and as a result, coal’s production raised from 66 million to 130 million and production of steel elevated from 1.31 million to 4.48 million by 1957. Moreover, Maurice Meisner explains how ‘Chinese industrial production grew more rapidly than Russian industry during the first Soviet Five Year Plan.’ Therefore, due to the large increase in production of these essential materials one could argue that Chinese industry experienced a radical change between 1949 and 1962, even greater than Russia’s. On the other hand, it can be debated that China did not experience a significant transformation in terms of their industry around the time of the
Willis U.S.History since 1865 Technology during the Industrial Revolution Around 1850s, America was on the move towards a new living and the large migration to the west allowed an abundance of foreigners to immigrate into America. With such a large population, people needed to work and mouths needed to be fed. As industrializing began, technological advancement helped transform the quality of life for the American during the late 1800s and early 1900s known as the gilded age. Railroads and other vast resources linked America’s society together. The development of an industrial society began with the vast amounts of natural resources that were discovered across America.