Data, Information, Knowledge, and Wisdom Essay

1110 Words5 Pages
Data, Information, Knowledge, and Wisdom Congestive heart failure (CHF) is very serious chronic condition with a high mortality and morbidity rate among the elderly population. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 5.7 million people have heart failure and there are 550,000 million people newly diagnosed each year in the United States. In addition, approximately 287,000 deaths a year are related to heart failure (CDC, 2012). Today, ED physicians want to quickly and accurately identify patients with suspected CHF in order to confirm diagnosis, determine the cause, severity, and treatment. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone in the blood that is secreted by the ventricles and atria in response to cardiac overload. The BNP level rises significantly when heart failure is detected. Therefore, physicians are utilizing the BNP as a diagnostic tool in confirming the diagnosis in symptomatic patients with suspected heart failure. The clinical question is “How accurate is the BNP screening test compared to an echocardiogram to rule out the diagnosis of CHF?” The purpose of this paper is to apply the continuum of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom to the clinical research question. Nursing Informatics “Nursing informatics (NI) is a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom in nursing practice" (ANA, 2008, p.1). Data, information, knowledge, and wisdom are crucial components that support all of nursing and informatics practice to improve patient care. In research, it is essential to filter data into valid information, convert the information into knowledge, and finally transform knowledge to wisdom. The purpose of gathering relevant data, information, and knowledge is to make wise evaluations. How to
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