DSM-IV Criteria For Opioid Abuse

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In 2006 approximately 1.6 million Americans met DSM-IV criteria for Opioid addiction. This number coincides with the number of people being prescribed opioids for pain. Young adults now report a higher illicit use of these drugs than cocaine. Most people start out using opioids to relieve pain but with over 75 million people reporting chronic pain, the risk is very great for addiction. Opioids affect the abusers in the same manner as heroin but with several differences between the two abusers. Opioid abusers tend to be younger, have higher incomes, use less of the drug, do not inject and are more likely to be white than heroin users. Prescription opioid users are also more likely to accept and finish treatment. Heroin abusers are more likely

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