Cystic Fibrosis Essay

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The topic I chose to do my paper on is cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease of the secretory glands, this includes the glands that make mucus and sweat. The disease is passed through the genes from parents to children meaning it is inherited. The people that get cystic fibrosis inherit two faulty cystic fibrosis genes, one from each parent. The parents that pass these genes likely don’t have the disease themselves. Cystic fibrosis mostly affects the lungs, pancreas, liver, intestines, sinuses, and sex organs. Mucus is a substance made by the lining of some body tissues. Mucus keeps the lining of certain organs moist and it prevents the organs from drying out or getting infected. Normally, mucus is a slippery, watery substance. The problem that occurs with our mucus if we have cystic fibrosis is that our mucus becomes thick and sticky. The mucus becoming thick and sticky results in buildup of mucus in the lungs and this blocks our airways, which are the tubes that carry air in and out of our lungs. Bacteria can grow easily when mucus builds up and this leads to repeated and serious infections that can severely damage the lungs. Mucus can also block tubes, or ducts in your pancreas, which results in the digestive enzyme can’t reach your small intestine. The pancreas makes these digestive enzymes and they help break down the food that we eat. Without these enzymes, the intestines can’t fully absorb fats and proteins, which can cause vitamin deficiency and malnutrition because nutrients leave our body unused. This can also cause bulky stools, intestinal gas, swollen belly from severe constipation and pain or discomfort. Cystic fibrosis also causes our sweat to become very salty, resulting in the body losing large amounts of salt when you sweat. This can upset the balance of minerals in blood and cause a number of health

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