His theory is that children use cognitive behavior when understanding and giving communication. They will use trial and error to get the right words out until they succeed. He believes that children observe adults and other children for the correct way to communicate and repeat the actions they have seen until they get it right. We support this at nursery by speaking clearly and simply and nodding or praising a child for getting a word, sentence or request correct. This is to encourage them to use the correct terms when they wish to communicate.
Establish constructive relationships with parents/carers. Ensure you give regular feedback to teachers on children's achievement, progress, problems etc. promote good behaviour, dealing appropriately with conflict and incidents in line with policy and procedures and encourage children to take responsibility for there own behaviour. Accompanying the children on school trips and out of school activities as required Provide clerical/admin support such as photocopying, typing, filing, money etc. Undertake children's record keeping as requested.
Lev Vygotsky’s theory was based on social/emotional development needs to show demonstration/imagination to allow a child to progress. His belief was based on the kinaesthetic technique as he believed that when children observe someone that is more advanced than them they learn from them and imitate their actions. Lev Vygotsky“...suggested that this silent inner speech and spoken social speech are connected...” (Meggitt et al, 2012. P.80). It is critical to link his theory to practice as it encourages/allows children to communicate with other children using their social skills which they have developed and allows children to build self-confidence.
The more children know about their world, the easier it is for them to read and learn when they get to school. You have an important role to play in helping children learn new information, ideas, and vocabulary and how to use this knowledge to become full participants in their own learning. You can help children to connect new information and ideas to what they already know and understand. As a teacher, you and the children's parents and caregivers are partners in helping to get the children ready for future school success. Good communication with parents and caregivers can build support for and strengthen the important work that you are doing in the classroom.
For example,in my placement,my friendly and polite attitude towards reception children makes it easy for them to bring their complaints to me;if they are hurt or hit by somebody. My active listening also encourages a child to build a positive relationship with you. As a teaching assistant, I have to understand and overcome the barriers to the communication in order to maintain healthy relationships with children as well as with young people and adults. These barriers could be: an accent,hearing problems ,difficulties in understanding English language etc. In presence of any of these barriers,I have to adapt my communication methods,instead of verbal communication,I may have to Show or draw pictures Use of sign language Show videos Use of enlarged print Young people Effective communication to make positive relationship with young people is equally important to make good relationships with them.
Research has shown that the sing-song speech, often accompanied by exaggerated facial expressions is loved by babies, (Rai & Flynn, p27). This ‘parentese’ language, which introduces infants to patterns in language helps them to develop it, and also promotes the start of developing a relationship. Adults have to provide for and give constant love and attention to the child. In the case studies this was identified to be ‘..paying close attention to them, doing things together, comforting when scared, praising and watching fondly, playing games and laughing together’, (Rai & Flynn, 2004, p48). All of these actions enable an adult to form a secure relationship with the child by showing them that the adult is ‘in-tune’ with them and is responsive to their needs.
Engage CBIs children in self-management, which involve; self-control, self-instruction, self-evaluating, self-monitoring, and self-reinforcement. (Yell et al., 2009) Procedures of CBI In Cognitive Behavioral Intervention programs, children are encouraged to manage their behaviors by using reinforcement to help promote acceptable behavior. Through the CBI procedures children are engaged in observation, keeping records, and reinforcement. In many behavioral management strategies, the teacher controls the procedures of observation, record keeping, and reinforcement. Through the implementation of CBI, the target student, thus promoting self-management, accountability for actions, and independence, completes three procedures.
How to get a child to clean their room using observant learning From the time they are born, infants are constantly watching, observing and following the movements of adults around them. As they grow, they start mimicking these movements. This mimicking is a learning style developed by the psychologist Albert Bandura known as Observational learning, it is based on the principle of learning by observing the actions of another person performing it. Observers can be affected by positive or negative consequences. The observer will either mimic or avoid the actions based on the consequences that the person who initially performed the action received.
Unit 3 3.1 To establish a respectful and professional relationship with children and young people a LSA will need to: • Adapt the way they communicate for the age group they are working with. • Develop mutual respect. • Should show respect and interest in the children or young people they are working with by asking questions, listening to them without interrupting and speak to them in a positive and polite manner. • LSA should model the behaviour expected from pupils, for example listen when the teacher is speaking • Apply the behaviour policy fairly and consistently so that the children feel they are being treated fairly. • Call the children by their name, which shows they are valued.
The first theory is the nativist theory which states all kids have the yearning to understand the logic of their domain. Through that innate drive, they sort out meaning of words as well as use language and understand the world around them. Waddington (1957) explains that some behaviour are learned more easily than others. These behaviours are inborn and that children are ready to learn them with slight energy. Chomsky suggested there was an innate “language acquisition device” (LAD) someplace in the mind that helps learning of languages.