The baby will begin to coo and gurgle in response to interaction from carer. Bt three months the baby will recognise and link familiar sounds such as the face and voice of a carer, will try to have a conversation with the carer and imitate high and low sounds, will aslo return and give smiles. | Smiles from about 5 weeks, begins to respond to familiar sounds, engaged by peoples faces and by three months starts to discover what she/he can do and this creates a sense of self. If the primary carer leaves the room baby may cry not yet understanding that person exists and will come back. Shows feelings such as excitement and fear, reacts positively to a carer who is kind and southing if a carer does not respond to a baby, the baby may stop trying to interact.
THE EXPECTED PATTERN OF DEVELOPMENT FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE FROM BIRTH TO 19 YEARS. Age 0-1 Physical development When a baby is born they have reflexes for swallowing and sucking. By one month they can be soothed by their mother’s voice and will try to focus on her face. At three months they should be able to lift and turn their head and at 6 months will enjoy playing and reaching out for toys. Communicative development A baby will cry when hungry right from day one.
Birth Physical Children’s physical development at birth is rooting reflex. The baby will move their head to look for the teat. If their it touches their cheek or Cognitive Babies can recognise their parents voices or their smell. Communication Babies will cry when they are lined, hungry or just even want a cuddle. Social, emotional and behavioural Close contact with a primary carer and the baby especially when they are feeding the baby.
During this time the infant will sleep much of the time and will grow quite fast. They will try to lift their heads and start to kick their legs and wave arms. They will begin to hold objects when they are placed in the hand for example a rattle, they will also put them into their mouths. The grasp reflex will lessen as hand and eye coordination begins to develop. Become more alert when awake and learn to roll from side to back.
Babies at around this mile stone will also be able to point to objects and deliberately throw objects. From the age of around 9 months babies will stand by themselves and move around the room by holding on to the furniture and eventually walk without being assisted. Communication and intellectual development. The pattern that babies intellectually developer and communicate if firstly by crying when they need something such as feeding or they in pain. They will learn to coo and turn their heads to the direction of the sound.
The senses of a child are very sensitive. “Newborns have open eyes, sensitive ears, and responsive noses, tongues and skin” (Berger, 2007 p.136). Infants use their senses to sort and classify their many experiences. Freud focused on the oral stage. Oral fixation theory is known to stimulate the need for a child to suck, eat, drink, chew, bite or ramble excessively.
This includes the child feeling distress. The first stage would be seeking proximity. This is when the people who have an attachment want to be near each other and spend time together. The baby would maintain proximity by watching them carefully and howling when they go further away. The next stage then starts to get more intense as the child gets distress on the separation of the mother.
At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feel or grasp when touching something. By 6 months a child will: * Turn their head toward sounds and movement * watch an adult's face when feeding * smile at familiar faces and voices - reach up to hold feet when lying on their backs * look and reach for objects * hold and shake a rattle * put everything in their mouths. Between 6 months and 1 year: * Move from sitting with support to sitting alone. * Roll over from their tummy to their back. * Begin to creep, crawl or shuffle on their bottom.
CYP 3.1 Task 1: Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years. 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. Birth to 4 weeks Physical Development – Lies on back with head to one side Head lags when pulled up to sit Primitive reflexes, i.e. rooting, sucking, stepping, grasping Social and Emotional Development – Responds positively to main carer Imitates facial expressions Stares at bright shiny objects Language and communication Development - Cries when basic needs require attention, for example hunger, tiredness, distress Intellectual Development – Birth Blinks in reaction to bright light Turns to soft light Stares at carer Cries when basic needs require attention 1 month Physical Development – Head control still unsteady Hands in tight fists Grasps objects when they touch the palm of the hand Head and eyes move together Social and Emotional Development – Gazes intently at carers Social smile at carers (by 6 weeks) Language and communication Development – ‘Freezes’ when a bell is rung gently close to the ear, moves head towards the sound Stops crying at sound of human voice (unless very upset) Coos in response to carer’s talk Intellectual Development - Stares at soft light Gaze caught by and follows dangling ball 3 months Physical Development – Kicks legs and waves arms Can lift head and turn when on front Watches movements of own hands, plays with own hands Holds rattle for a few seconds if placed in hand Uses arms for support when lying on stomach Turns from back to side Holds on to and shakes small items Social and Emotional Development – Smiles, engages and vocalises with carers Language and communication Development - Becomes quiet and turns head towards sound of rattle near head Vocalises when
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, include: a) Physical development, b) Communication and intellectual development, c) Social, emotional and behavioural development. In the early stages, when the child is a baby, it communicates by crying so that its needs are meet. The needs are to eat, drink, sleep and general comfort. A baby needs love and attention to grow and develop. According to Ericsson’s psychosocial theory, an infant/toddler’s first conflict is trust vs mistrust of its environment.