. Poverty is the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs and many children in today’s society are unable to satisfy these basic needs and are below the poverty line. There are so many different causes of child poverty and this essay will outline some the key causes and impacts of child poverty in today’s society. Unemployment is one of the key causes of child poverty. The effects of unemployment is loss of income, housing and lack of career experience.
In addition, they cannot access a good healing after they are sick. Also, they do not take a good food for their health. Some of their health problems occur because of the environment around their house or they might inherit from their parents. For instance, many children who do not eat a good food may lack of an essential nutrient. Most of them have a malnutrition disease due to poverty.
For example, if a student has poor housing then it will affect their schoolwork as they could have no quiet places to do homework, or possible disturbed sleep from sharing bedrooms which would in turn affect concentration. If their housing is extremely poor then it could cause problems to a child’s health, as damp and cold housing can make illnesses worse. If a students’ material deprivation means that they are receiving a poor diet at home, then this will also affect their work. Poor nutrition can weaken the immune system, meaning the student could get ill more often and so miss work. A poor diet can also affect the child’s energy levels, so even if they do go into school they find it difficult to concentrate.
Child Abuse and Neglect: Summary. Child abuse is a crucial part of the law in todays society. When asked to define child abuse what do you think of? I think of a child being beaten to near death or maybe even deprived of food sources that they need to survive. The child could also feel a sad disappointed feeling because their parent won’t give them the attention a child should be receiving or a child could just be being neglected all together possibly by the parent just not caring, but I will tell you all about these things in my paragraphs below.
• Children that grow up in bad housing face a number of other disadvantages, including negative impacts on their health, education and social interactions. • Having a family bread winner does not guarantee that a child stays out of persistent poverty,7% of couples with one parent in work experience persistent poverty. • The causes of poverty may have been misunderstood by the general public. This study shows
Poor nutrition affects health which will lower children’s energy levels. This may result in more absences from school due to illness and concentrating in class. Lack of financial support can affect pupil’s underachievement as they may not be able to afford the right equipment and miss out on experiences which would enhance their educational achievement. Outline some of the reasons why different pupil’s subcultures exist in schools. One reason why different pupil subcultures exist in schools is a result of negative labelling.
• Anti-social behaviour – can have the potential to become excluded from school or become a looked after child. • Health status of self or family member –physical illness may lead to emotional problems or disturbed behaviour. • Disability – children with disabilities may find it hard to access play/leisure activities. • Parents or carers – children or young person who have role-reversal where they are looking after the parent, may feel like they have less opportunities. • Health support – those who need health support most often are least likely to use services provided.
Explain the importance & impact of poverty on outcome and life chances for children and young people: • Low income: this can mean that children may not have the same advantages as their wealthier peers. • Poor housing: this could lead to ill health due to unacceptable standards within the home. • Ill health: not having access to the correct food and warm clothing could affect health. • Low academic achievement: this could come due to the lack of importance on education. • Low self-esteem: children could have low self-esteem due to the factors mentioned above.
If they believe they are unloved, unimportant and unvalued. As they grow older this could lead to depression and self-harm and if they have any offspring this negative factor could be pasted down to the children. Some examples of these impacts are: A child or young person who is the carer of a parent suffering illness or disability may struggle to understand the role reversal they are experiencing, viewing themselves as grown up and being more mature than their peers, resulting in them struggling to form friendships, resentful at missing out on their childhood and present challenging behaviour. This can lead to emotional difficulties. Although dealing with the above separately, many of these factors are interconnected; unemployment or low income can lead to poor housing.
Emotional needs of children need to be met ‘neglect can occur when parents abandon the child, or simply have no time to spend with the child, in essence leaving the child to raise himself’ (http://www.minddisorders.com/Kau-Nu/Neglect.html) see appendix …. Neglect can affect the child’s development. An example of how neglect can affect a child’s health is poor nutrition, if the correct nutrients are not are not available to children the child’s growth development will not follow the normal pattern and developmental stages will be delayed. ‘Common physical and psychological reactions to neglect include stunted growth, chronic medical problems, inadequate bone and muscle growth, and lack of neurological development that negatively affects normal brain functioning and information processing.’ (http://www.minddisorders.com/Kau-Nu/Neglect.html#ixzz2HxRH2n98) see appendix …. This negativity affecting the brain can make processing problems difficult for the child understand social relationships or harder for the child to complete academic tasks without assistance or intervention from others.