3.2 explain the reason why children and young people development may not follow the expected pattern ? There are many reasons why development may not follow the normal pattern.it is important to know the pattern of the order the child is meant to develop in so you can support the child and the family. Development can be Influenced by many different factors ,including health, disability environment and family background. Some of the few things that can have a a influence on the development of children and young people. Health Chronic conditions such as asthma can cause children to have time off school, infections like meningitis causes development delay.
• Anti-social behaviour – can have the potential to become excluded from school or become a looked after child. • Health status of self or family member –physical illness may lead to emotional problems or disturbed behaviour. • Disability – children with disabilities may find it hard to access play/leisure activities. • Parents or carers – children or young person who have role-reversal where they are looking after the parent, may feel like they have less opportunities. • Health support – those who need health support most often are least likely to use services provided.
3.3 TRANSITIONS Transitions may affect children and young people’s behaviour and development in different ways. They may become quiet and withdrawn, feel anxious, demonstrate uncharacteristic behaviour and or become attention seeking. Short and long term affects of a break up on children: Most commonly, children of separated couples will experience greater poverty. Their social and emotional development is very likely to be affected, as well as a child’s psychological and physical health. Children of separated couples may also perform worse at school and have poorer future employment prospects.
And some young people and children may be abused or exploited so, they need to look after away from their families. The reasons are as follows: 1) Bereavement: most look after children will have experienced so many disruptions in their lives. This may include painful experiences such as family bereavement. As a result the children’s education may become affected and they may be below their expected class average. This will have caused from poor concentration, the child may also need specific help in their work and class before any sort of progress can be made.
Assessment criteria 3.2 Social organisations and relationships within the class room are again another great learning tool. If you group children together and work with them on tasks within the curriculum, they will start to develop a strong learning relationship. You could see that the group dynamics will often change on particular tasks, where a more confident child on this task will take lead over a more confident child on another task. If the children see the adults within the class react well and interact with other children, they will get a better response from them. Children are put into groups in order to give them the best learning potential and for their learning to be appropriate for their age and level of understanding.
• Change of school: Changing school is more likely to affect children’s feelings and emotional development. Children who are experiencing changing of school wonder if they will be able to make new friends or if they will be left by themselves or if the new teacher will be nice or not? During this period children may display sign of separation and anxiety. • A new baby: A new
Other disadvantages from this situation can be that sometimes a single parent can’t afford expensive holidays which would make the child feel left out when they are talking about events when after coming back from their holidays and are asked to write or tell about what happened during the school holidays. The child will lose their self confidence and moral will be low if all the factors above do occur, they may also get jealous of other children who could be in a better situation because of the financial stability brought by having both the parents being together. Example 2: Children moving form Reception to Juniors most parents and children get worried about how they will fit into new environments, with children older then their own, not knowing how and what is required of them to which can cause both parent and child to feel insecure by not sleeping well and having nightmares, not eating food, and as the time gets closer the child will start to be more clingy towards the parent and vice versa for the parent
Through doing this and practising the skills that they have learned the children will be able to take ownership of their learning and be able to apply it in different situations. To provide high-quality experiences for young children we should aim for a balance of one-third adult-directed activities and one-third child-initiated activities. The other third of the time should ideally be taken up by child-initiated activities that are then picked up on and supported by an adult – these are opportunities for ‘sustained shared thinking’ to take place. Children learn through first-hand experiances and activities with the serious business of ‘play’ providing the vehicle. Through their play children practise and consolidate their learning, play with ideas, experiment, take risks, solve problems, and make decisions… First-hand experiences allow children to develop an understanding of themselves and the world in which they live.
-disorientation : no sooner have children settled in one place and got to know a carer, they may be uprooted and have to face the same process again -a sense of loss : each time children and young people make a move, they lose the friends they have made and also the attachments they have formed with their carers -regression: reverting to behaviour usually shown by younger children .E.G. an older child might start to talk in a more ‘’babyish way’’ -depression : this may show in a number of ways : sadness, problems sleeping, crying and lack of
Explain the importance & impact of poverty on outcome and life chances for children and young people: • Low income: this can mean that children may not have the same advantages as their wealthier peers. • Poor housing: this could lead to ill health due to unacceptable standards within the home. • Ill health: not having access to the correct food and warm clothing could affect health. • Low academic achievement: this could come due to the lack of importance on education. • Low self-esteem: children could have low self-esteem due to the factors mentioned above.