Children and young people in the care system are more vulnerable,often due to the lack of stability and attachment disorder this can affect their emotional ,social and academic development. 3.3 Explain how disability name affect development. Disability can affect the development of children and young people in a variety of different ways. Physical development may be affected by limited mobility if
Another explanation of poverty is the poverty cycle. The poverty cycle means that poverty is passed on through generations. In the poverty cycle, children who are born into poverty have a deprived childhood - they experience material and cultural deprivation, and as a result of this they are less likely to do well at school, gain qualifications and stay in education beyond the minimum school leaving age. This means that their future opportunities are limited because their lack of qualifications means that the jobs available to them are mostly unskilled and low-paid. Consequently, they are likely to live in poverty as adults.
CT232 Understand how to support positive outcomes for children and young people Notes to support both posters: Describe the social, economic & cultural factors that will impact on the lives of children and young people: • Some learners experience barriers to learning as a result of their ethnicity, social group, race or culture. Children from poorer backgrounds and or specific ethnic and social groups are more likely to underachieve and this can sometimes lead to problems at school and exclusion. Major life events such as bereavement, family breakdown or abuse can cause emotional and behavioural problems. Many of these learners find it difficult to engage in learning, finding it difficult due to negative associations due to bullying or pressure to achieve. Explain the importance & impact of poverty on outcome and life chances for children and young people: • Low income: this can mean that children may not have the same advantages as their wealthier peers.
Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by external factorsPoverty and deprivation:It has been shown statistically that children from poor families and deprived areas tend to perform less as their parents are less likely to meet their educational needs. For example, the children may feel isolated, experience low self esteem and confidence, if their parents can’t afford to pay for their school trip, get them clothes for dress up day etc. Family environment and background:So many circumstances go in families which may affect the child. They include: parents separating, having new partners, losing family member, family member being ill, job loss etc. Looked after/ care status:These children can sometimes be moved around regularly and this may affect their development.
The outcome of this factor is that there are people which may not be able to relate to the child or young person’s families views. If a child is from a travelling family there is a possibility that their development at school may be delayed due to being transferred from school to school. Poverty A family living on a low income might not be able to provide for their children as hoped. Accommodation may be poor which can have an effect on the mental and physical health of children and their parents. Housing and community Children living in poor housing or cramped housing conditions can negatively affect their development.
• Anti-social behaviour – can have the potential to become excluded from school or become a looked after child. • Health status of self or family member –physical illness may lead to emotional problems or disturbed behaviour. • Disability – children with disabilities may find it hard to access play/leisure activities. • Parents or carers – children or young person who have role-reversal where they are looking after the parent, may feel like they have less opportunities. • Health support – those who need health support most often are least likely to use services provided.
Howard (2001) noted that young people from poorer homes have lower intakes of energy, vitamins, and minerals. Poor nutrition will affect health, children’s energy levels will be low, resulting in poor concentration in class, they will also have a weaker immune system meaning more days off of school. Wilkinson (1996) ‘the lower the social class, the higher the rate of hyperactivity, anxiety, and conduct disorders’ which obviously have a negative impact on education. There is also the
CYPOP 17 Understand the needs of children and young people who are vulnerable and experiencing poverty and disadvantage Understand the factors that may impact on the outcomes and life chances of children and young people 1.1 Identify the factors that impact on outcomes and life chances for children and young people Some factors that can have an impact on children’s and young person’s outcomes and life chances are: poverty, single child syndrome or being one of a large family with lots of siblings, also learning difficulties and disability, social, economic, environmental, cultural, and additions. These factors can impair a child’s development, both physical and mental. Life is the biggest factor to be taken into consideration when looking at what affects children and young people and the impact it has on them. What they see, hear and do will mould and shape what kind of adult they will become. If they believe they are unloved, unimportant and unvalued.
1.2 Explain current legislation and guidance relating to the provision of and access to educational opportunities for children and young people 1.3 Evaluate the factors that can contribute to low achievement by children and young people Some children and young people don’t achieve there full potential. There are several factors which may contribute to this; • Poverty If children or young people come from poorer families they may not be able to access school books, internet, extracurricular activities or may not have clean or well fitted clothes/uniform (this could lead to bullying.) • Disabilities Many children
CYP Core 31 3.3 How disability may affect development A disability may affect a child’s development dramatically. They may be exposed to prejudice or discrimination at school for that reason that they could be treated differently than the rest of the children. They may be bullied or teased by other children which will affect their self-confidence and in turn affect their learning ability and development. Disabilities are categorised in different forms i.e. learning or physical.