Cyber Essay

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A. Some cases entitled to cybercrime law 1. The Republic Act No. 10175 or the cybercrime prevention act is a Philippine Republic Act signed by President Aquino on 12 September 2012. It aims to address legal issues concerning online interactions. Among the cybercrime offenses included in the bill are cyber squatting, cybersex, child pornography, identity theft, illegal access to data and libel. The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 is the first law in the Philippines which specifically criminalizes computer crime, which prior to the passage of the law had no strong legal precedent in Philippine jurisprudence. The Act, divided into 31 sections split across eight chapters, criminalizes several types of offenses, including illegal access, data interference, device misuse, cyber squatting, computer-related offenses such as computer fraud, content-related offenses such as cybersex and spam, and other offenses. The law also reaffirms existing laws against child pornography, an offense under Republic Act No. 9779, and libel, an offense under Section 377 of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines, also criminalizing them when committed using a computer system. Finally, the Act provides for a “catch-all” clause, wherein all offenses currently punishable under the Revised Penal Code are likewise punishable under the act when committed using the computer, with corresponding stricter penalties than if the crimes were punishable under the Revised Penal Code alone. Under Article 353 of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines, libel is defined as a public and malicious imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status or circumstance tending to discredit or cause the dishonor or contempt of a natural or juridical person, or to blacken the memory of one who is dead. In libel cases, the question is not what the writer of

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