* * * * * Research Process and Terminology * ME * CJA/334 * March 5, 2014 * Dennis Dougan * Research Process and Terminology * How will this new terminology and knowledge apply to a career in criminal justice? Essentially, understanding the terminology that is associated with a specific career path is important because of the use it gets in the line of work. In criminal justice and other social science careers, the terminology carries over and without understanding it completely, terminology can hinder research capabilities as well as understanding previous research materials. Although different criminal justice careers have their own terminology based on their line of work, the research terminology is nearly universal. How can not knowing the proper terminology affect you as you conduct criminal justice research?
INTRODUCTION Forensic science has evolved into a necessity for the criminal justice world. Before the development of forensic science, many of the cases heavily relied upon confessions and testimonies of witness. Forensic science has provided law enforcement officers with other alternative, such as trace evidence and the reliable forms of evidence that can stand up to scrutiny. Without forensic science, criminals would be committing the same crimes repeatedly. While criminals get more creative, the criminal justice system and the forensic science specialists have to update the techniques and tools that are used while obtaining evidence for the new crimes.
These tools involve information systems for example CompStat. Lastly this paper will go over the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threat analysis that intend to implement predictive policing. Predictive Policing Application of Information Technology in Police Departments Information technology (IT) optimizes police departments’ performance to reduce crime versus random patrols on the streets. Using this method can be very effective in preventing crime. The method of CompStat has been a very successful process.
A characteristic of an effective criminal justice system is the ability to change in response to changes in society. The criminal justice system has been successful in balancing the rights of victims, offenders and society during the criminal investigation process from new legislations constructed reflecting society’s demands and enhancing justice. A crime is an act or omission committed against the community at large that is punishable by the state. An offender is a person who commits an offence which is a breach of a law or rule; an illegal act. A victim is the person who suffers some kind of harm as the result of the offender’s action.
We must be sure that finding those answers are done ethically from the crime scene to trial. The Investigator Ethical Considerations From the moment the investigator gets a case professionalism, knowledge of laws and procedure is what has to be followed. If at any time the investigator became biased and used emotion instead of just facts of the case could be compromised. Remaining unbiased in either homicide or rape can be extremely difficult for even the most ethical investigators. Handling evidence properly is one of the most crucial points of any investigation.
Something that I found very interesting with this video is that it seems to me that it is yet another example of a “crime scene investigation” style show and that is something that can cause a proble later. As we talked about the worry with these types of shows is that they can case the CSI effect on potential jourors. This style show in particular is one that I would worry about since it is showing the investigation of a real case unlike those that are seen on “CSI” or “NCIS” those are based on fake stories and people are less likely to see that as the way that things are done. Forensic science and its developments help the detectives find the crime scene, test and gather testimonial and physical evidence, and reenact the crime scene to help interrogation. Long after the crime scene is gone, investigators can virtually return to the scene of the crime to test out theories and compare evidence results to an investigation that leads to a confession.
Criminal justice professionals play an important role in the court system, and if they lie on accusations and evidence, the innocent become victims of the dishonesty. A second quality that is good to see in the criminal justice professions is to be objective. It is important for our law enforcement and public servants to not let their personal goals, feelings, or prejudice to get in the way of the criminal justice goals. Objectivity ensures that the professionals will make the right choices even when they have reasons that should make them choose otherwise. A simple example of this trait could be a law enforcement officer writing a ticket to someone regardless of the relationship they may or may not have.
Communication skills - This skill is also important because the police must be able to communicate clearly and effectively with each other. During situation such as arresting a suspect or controlling a crowd of people he needs to be able to provide clear instructions to the suspect or other police officers. If the police didn’t use this skill effectively there would be a lack of communication which could lead to a suspect getting away. If the police were quiet and not communicating to colleagues
Specific deterrence generally targets individuals who have been punished or currently being punished for a criminal act with the hope of preventing them from committing crimes in the near future. General deterrence separates itself in that it works to prevent people from engaging in criminal acts by setting an example. In order for the deterrence doctrine to present itself in a plausible manner, effectiveness of punishment must be indentified. Bentham and Beccaria discuss reasoning to why the deterrence doctrine upholds according to these three terms known as certainty, severity and celerity of punishment. Each category differs yet all remain equally as important in order for deterrence to occur.
Community-oriented policing supports the organized use of partnerships and problem-solving methods. The use of these methods addresses the urgent circumstances that give progress to public safety issues. These issues can be described as fear of crime, crime, and social disorder. The meaning behind community-oriented policing is where encouraged and inspired citizen’s work in a positive and equal partnership with the police for crime problem solving, disorder, deterioration and value of life. The nature and quantity of police roles is extended with the use of community-oriented policing compared to traditional policing.