They also can provide feedback for students on their strengths, allowing them to see for themselves where they need to make improvements. Teachers use rubrics to assess students, they make it much easier, more consistent, and objective. They also help teachers focus better on key concepts. By making a work model (rubric) for students to use students will be able to improve and increase knowledge students will acquire. Teacher can better justify student grades by using a rubric that clearly shows where the student rates according to the rubric.
Effective teaching should acknowledge the impact of factors such as attitudes, perception, expectations, abilities, gender, socio-cultural background and maturity on every learning experience. (“Principal of effective learning and teaching”, n.d.). The purpose of instigating variety of teaching strategies is to avoid monotonous diet of same teaching style which will cause even the keenest student to lost interest. For instance, using technology to achieve maximum success is very vital, educators need to be aware of the different types of learners and how they can address their needs through the use of technology. (Ktoridue, Zarpetea, Yinguo, 2002) Teachers share a significant responsibility in preparing young people to lead successful and productive lives.
Rubrics and spirals are used in and outside of education for various reason and applications. Many teachers and students use rubrics as a guide when writing or completing various types of assignments and projects. The information inside the rubric or spiral lets the student and teachers know what to look for and add into the assignment for the best possible grade. The main focus and purpose of a rubric or spiral is that it gives the student and teacher a step by step guide when completing or grading the assignment to the specific specifications of the assignments goals. Using rubrics and spirals to complete all assignments will ensure the best possible outcome for the student clearly outlining the expectations of the teacher.
He believed that all students should have the opportunity to take part in their own learning. Education was not only a place to gain content knowledge, but was a place to learn how to live. Schools shouldn’t just be a place to learn a pre-determined set of skills but rather to realize one’s full potential and their ability to use these skills. He said, “An ounce of experience is better than a ton of theory, simply because it is only in the experience that any theory has vital and verifiable significance.” In Dewey’s opinion the role of teachers are social servants. They are there to assist children on how to act appropriately on ideas they form themselves.
However, many schools mistake this as incorporating information technology into the curriculum. School staff need to research what IT is available and what would best serve the school's purpose, not simply purchase the latest equipment. There should be a policy stating how IT is going to assist pupils' development and what teachers want pupils to achieve (Reksten, 2000). Staff members need to be clear about what they want IT to do for them before they can start incorporating it into their lessons. The only way information technology is going to be useful to schools is if all staff members are well-informed and fully supported.
(2008, p.153). These two statements make sense because if a student feel's excluded and their needs are not met, then they will most likely not be motivated which may inhibit their overall development. Ann Gravells says in her book that ‘differentiation is about using a range of different approaches and resources to meet the needs of individuals and groups.’(2011, p.63). This means that teachers should endeavour to meet learning needs and create an environment where all students can be included in the learning process. This would involve planning, examining teaching methods and styles, effective use of resources and also how we, assess the students and ourselves.
Knowing that they are different ways in which a child can learn a teacher should try to incorporate each style within there lesson plan so no child is left out. A teacher will usually lean toward teaching the students in their preference style of learning. Meaning for a teacher who is more of a hands on learner he or she will have more hands on activities but a teacher should learn to use the three most effective styles of learning which are, visual learners, kinesthetic learners and auditory learners. Understanding the different ways in which a child learns is the first step in creating and implementing a curriculum that accomplish all the goals it’s designed for. As an educator it’s important to make sure that all the T’s are crossed to insure that each child gained something as they walk away.
With this amount of accountability, administrators must ensure the academic success of their students through the effective use of supervisory practices. Many educational organizations use clinical supervision and peer coaching to help guide and encourage teachers are they grow to become proficient educators. By conducting continuous research on the supervisory practices, administrators will then have the opportunity to implement the most effective method. According to Glickman (2010), “Clinical supervision is consistent with formative evaluation; it provides nonjudgmental assistance aimed at improving the teacher’s instruction” (Glickman et al., 2010, p. 293). This supervision method welcomes “face-to-face contact with teachers with the intent of improving instruction and increasing professional growth” (Acheson, 1977, p. 304).
It is emphasized that estimating performance is especially important for determining at-risk students in the first years and for retention of those students. It is stated that student models can be used in all learning environments. However, using them especially in e-learning systems in which learners and instructors are not at the same place can be more effective. In the fourth Chapter, knowledge discovery processes and development of Student Knowledge Discovery Software which is created with determination of learner features has been explained. Student performance is modeled using data mining techniques.
According to Sue Swaffield (2008), effective feedback should: • Focus on student learning • Focus on the task rather than the learner • Focus on process rather than the product • Focus on progress • Focus on particular qualities of the work • Advise how to improve • Encourage the student to think • Require action that is challenging yet achievable • Be specific • Avoid comparison with others • Be understandable to the student Formative assessments can vary from worksheets, quizzes, journals, diagnostic tests, and informal observation. I feel that one of the greatest strengths I possess as a teacher is the ability to differentiate lessons to meet the needs of every child. The use of various types of formative assessments aids in the monitoring of the students strengths. Taking the time to know each student personally helps me to find out what is interesting and important to them. It has been suggested that these types of assessments are not graded nor used in the computation of the final