Culture Artafact Outline

2162 Words9 Pages
History 120 Fall 2013 Supplemental Reading Western Christianity and English Law. Information is taken from A History of Women in America. Coryell, Janet; Faires, Nora *Students are responsible for the information contained in the supplemental handouts and brief notes that are posted on Black Board. Students are expected to utilize information within course assignments and exam answers. Western Christianity. Religious understandings about the proper role of women greatly affected the laws that were transported to the colonies, and the degree to which those laws were modified by the circumstances in which colonists found themselves. Many writers and preachers who explained Catholic and Protestant theology, including Anglicanism (the official church of England and its colonies) and Puritanism (the church of New England), emphasized that the original sin of Eve made all women untrustworthy. Eve’s sin was to disobey God by enticing Adam to eat from the Tree of Knowledge. God banished the couple from the Garden of Eden as punishment. As a result of Eve’s disobedience, most Christians believed that woman’s proper place was within the household, under the authority of the husband. Theologians also cited the teachings of the early Christian writer Paul, who wrote in the New Testament that, “women should keep silence in the churches.” “Keeping silence” meant that women should neither teach, nor hold any authority over men. In 1645, Governor John Winthrop of Massachusetts Bay Colony made note approvingly of this patriarchal model writing that, “A true wife accounts her subjection [as] her honor and freedom, and would not think her condition safe and free, but in subjection to her husband’s authority.” Linking the governing of one’s family with religious beliefs as well as with the civil government—the state—defined the early English settlements, as it did life

More about Culture Artafact Outline

Open Document