Culture And Psychology Essay

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CAREER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES FOR YOUTH 1. Background and Rationale According to Statistics South Africa (2006), in March 2006 the unemployment rate among South African youth between the ages 15-24 years was 50,3% and between the ages 25-34 years was 29,5%. This means, on average, that in March 2006 the rate of unemployment among South African youth between the ages of 15-34 years was 39,9%. The rate of unemployment among the population of South Africans between the ages 15-65 years was 25,6% in March 2006, with the Northern Cape indicating a rate of 23,5% within this group. 8,9% of the population of unemployed were showed to be discouraged work-seekers, meaning that they did not take active steps to find employment in the month prior to the survey interview in spite of their declared desire to work (Statistics South Africa, 2006). With such high unemployment rates government has embarked on various initiatives to combat this problem head-on through creating opportunities and increasing the employability of youth. Efforts have mainly been invested in skills development programmes and tertiary education funding initiatives, like the Northern Cape Premiere’s Trust Fund. Although these initiatives in themselves prove to be invaluable, research and comprehensive data management appear to be lacking. The lack of research to inform appropriate interventions and to measure impact lends itself to problems relating to the relevance and appropriateness of interventions. 2. Pitfalls of Current Initiatives 2.1 Skills development With high unemployment rates and with a huge governmental focus on skills development, many initiatives (e.g., skills development learnership programmes, internship programmes, etc.) have come into being. With so many skills development initiatives, we find that a large number of youth apply for participation, not understanding the
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