Culture Essay

2605 WordsOct 30, 201111 Pages
Adolescent Culture and Suicide Amy Allin Capella University Adolescent Culture and Suicide Abstract Suicide is the third leading cause of death for adolescents between the age of 15 and 24 years of age in the United States and its numbers are increasing. Depression and social stressors that affect the teen culture are the major causes of suicide. Teenage years are a period of turmoil, with new social roles, getting use to the changes of one’s body, making decisions about their future and looking for answers to problems. Depression is a vital issue and the disease that is behind suicide ideations and attempts of this vulnerable fragile culture. Overview of the Population Group Adolescence In defining the adolescent I have chosen to use Erik Erikson’s definition of the developmental stages of human development. Erikson’s stage five is adolescence; identity versus role confusion with the major task of this group is to integrate the tasks mastered in the previous stages into a secure sense of self. The task for the adolescence is to achieve ego identify and avoid role confusion. Ego identity means knowing who you are and how you fit into the rest of society (Erikson, 1963). Evidence of this stage in their role identity is that the adolescent is newly concerned with how they appear to others. Ego identity is the accrued confidence that is the inner sameness and continuity prepared in the past are matched by the sameness and continuity of one’s meaning for others, as evidenced in the promise of a career (Berk, 2007). The adolescent struggles between role identity and confusion. James Marcia (1970) has expanded Erikson theory in that the balance between identity and confusion lies in the making a commitment to an identity. Marcia’s studies found that those that were able to make a strong commitment to an identity tend to happier and

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