Cultural Revolution Essay

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In “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism” Max Weber explains it as a study of the relationship between the ethics of ascetic Protestantism and the emergence of the spirit of modern capitalism. Weber argues that the religious ideas of groups such as the Calvinists played a role in creating the capitalistic spirit. He first observes a connection between being Protestant and being involved in business. Weber declares his purpose to explore religion as a grounded cause of the economic conditions today. Max weber believes, that the modern spirit of capitalism sees profit as an end in itself, and pursuing profit as virtuous. Weber's intention is to understand and comprehend the source of this spirit. He turns to Protestantism for a probable explanation. Protestantism offers a concept of the worldly "calling," and gives worldly activity a religious role. Although that is important, this alone cannot explain the necessity to seek profit. One branch of Protestantism, Calvinism, does give this an explanation. Calvinists believe in predestination. Predestination means that they believe God has already determined who is saved and damned. As Calvinism grew, an extreme psychological need for clues about whether one was actually saved can into question, and Calvinists examined their success in worldly activity for those clues. They came to value profit and material success by observing these things and concluded them as signs of God's rewards. Other religious groups, such as the Pietists, Methodists, and the Baptist had similar attitudes, but to a less intense degree. Weber argues that Solis 2 this new belief broke down the traditional economic system, leading the way for modern capitalism. However, once capitalism surfaced, the Protestant beliefs and values were no longer important, and their principle took on a life of its own. Our society is now locked into the
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