Africa experienced growth and change in their political organization and the rise and fall of kingdoms and states Before the syncretic cults, Africa's old traditions and beliefs surrounded deities, idols, and multiple gods. These god symbolized the world around them. Then, when Christianity and Islam came over to Sub-Saharan Africa, there was intermixing with the traditions and foreign religions. Christianity became popular with
Judge and Langdon Connections: A World History Chapter 13: Early African Societies, 1500 B.C.E.–1500 C.E. Lecture Outline Introduction The first camel caravan arrived in West Africa in 685 C.E. Muslim traders brought to the region not only good, but a transformation of religion, language, and more. I. Africa Before Islam Watch the video The Borders of Africa and World History. How African History Has Changed World History on myhistorylab.com A.
The Three Empires The three empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai all have a historical past that contribute the history of Africa. Each empire obtained and consolidated dominion over its neighbors, each empire collapse, and what caused the empires to collapse. Ghana started out as a successful empire due to the resources they acquired. They were adopted by the Arabic way, which during the time was a major ideal of the time. Arabic culture help make the empire have dominion over its neighbors.
Muslims faith study the Qur’an, believing Muhammad is considered the final prophet of God, his words and deeds are fundamental sources of Islam. In Arabic, the Qur’an directs speech of God. Qur'an (Arabic), the most important religious text of Islam. Though many West African countries are Muslim, and the Swahili pockets (of Arab influence) in East Africa, Africa south of the Sahara has an incredible diversity of peoples, cultures, and languages as well. The Muslim cultures are found within the Middle East.
Document 4 shows how Northern and Central Africa were connected, with part of the connection stemming from the Middle East, a prominent area of Muslims. Document 7 shows the extensive spread of the Mongol Empire, with the outer edges stretching into central Europe. With the Mongols came Islam as well, so the expansion of the empire certainly helped bring the religion and its traders into Europe. Document 10 shows how trade was concentrated throughout Europe, with prominent cities of Muslim inhabitance in the connection, later connecting to North Africa as well. Thus, through this extensive network, Muslims made a bigger cultural impression in Africa.
Mecca is located in what is now present day Saudi Arabia, about half way down the Western side of the Arabian Peninsula. The Kaaba, the black Islamic stone shrine established by Abraham and Ishmael, is located there. Mecca is deeply rooted in tradition, and the stones and Kaaba were erected or associated with Holy Ground, where individuals had a dramatic experience with God or Allah as he is called in Islam. During the time of Mohammed, Mecca had became a easy stopping place for the caravans and merchants along the spice trade which brought new wealth, foreign ideals and social values to Mecca. Being the stopping point brought to Mecca a host of undesirables such as; merchants, prostitutes swindlers and gamblers, whose social values would clash with that of the Arab Bedouin, who clung to traditional ideologies (Grand Canyon University, 2010, p. 1-2, para.
Secular vs. Religious Art During Abbasid Empire The Islamic world extends from the Middle East through much of Africa, and east to Indonesia, and Western China. Under the Abbasid caliphate (750–1258), which succeeded the Umayyads (650–750) in 750, the focal point of Islamic political and cultural life shifted eastward from Syria to Iraq, where, in 762, Baghdad, the circular City of Peace was founded as the new capital. In this presentation I will cover a variety of ornate pieces from different regions under Abbasid rule that portray many ethnic flavors to Islamic secular and religious art. Islamic visual arts are ornamental, vibrant, and, in religious art, nonrepresentational and often associated with the arabesque style.
McKenzie Langford 26 November 2012 Pd. 3- McCauley Comparing and Contrasting the Byzantine Empire and the Dar Al-Islam The Byzantine Empire and the Muslim World were both significant to Afroeurasia during the middle ages. Each had major effects on the surrounding areas, and continued to influence cultures around the world in the following years. The Byzantine Empire and the Muslim world shared similarities in their economics and cultural achievements; however, their religious views were both similar and different at the same time. In the Byzantine Empire, trade played a very important role in their economic system.
Although the Portuguese explorers were the first to reach the west coast of Africa, setting up camps, colonies and asserting their control over the people across the African continent by establishing specific administration systems in the late 15th Century, the administration systems used throughout Africa would be judged and debated on the systems incorporated by the French and British colonialists in the 19th Century (Shillington, 2005: 354). The French and English, until African Independence in the mid 1900’s, possessed the majority of states on the continent and, in addition, the English possessed the most important entity on the African continent, the Nile (Farwell, 1989:154). The French and British colonialists were able to, and needed
Carly Jones Mr. Smith SS 9H Period 9 20, November 2014 Geography is the physical features of earth. The geography of the Middle East has played a significant role in the development of its civilizations. Both rivers and deserts have played large roles in where cities develop. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in Mesopotamia, and the Sarah Desert, in North Africa, had severe impacts on their history and culture. Tigris and Euphrates became a region where great permanent settlements began.