Cultural Factors - Sociology Explanation

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The importance of cultural explanation in explaining differences in social class and achievement. Many Sociologists have argued over the course that cultural factors are the explanation of why students do or do not achieve high in education. One side argues that cultural deprivation is the cause of this whilst the other material deprivation argues a different case and some other argue that it is neither both but factors inside school itself. Cultural deprivation means factors such as values, attitudes, languages. So, If a child is in a social group deprived of these factors he could underachieve. One example of cultural deprivation is parental interest. This is argued by sociologist JWB Douglas. Douglas argued that the most important factor affecting a child's attainment was parental interest in the child’s education. This is because if the parents lacks this they wouldn't be able to encourage and help their child with their studies in the same way others do. This affects working class children more because their parents tend to be less well-educated and reduces the child's chance of achieving high in life as they may become less developed than another family leading onto my next point involving Bernstein. However, you this is criticisms by the fact working class parents cannot help their child because they have to work long and tiresome hours to live a decent life. Therefore, you cannot blame all working class parents for having a lack of interest if they are working to pay bills. Another cultural factor that might affect educational chances was argued by Bernstein. Bernstein argued that there were two separated speech codes between social classes called Restricted and Elaborated speech codes. An elaborated speech code is spoke by the middle class and speak more fluently and with more vocabulary whilst a restricted code applies more to working class who speak
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