New Lights believed Christianity should be emotional and personal, and church government should be a form of congregationalism. Woodmason did not like how the congregation would sing, howl, rant, cry, dance, skip, laugh, and rejoice [Doc 5-3, pg. 91]. The informal, emotional, and unorthodox services of the New Lights shocked Woodmason, who believed such practices created anarchy and doctrinal confusion. He states, “draw a comparison between then and Us… [Consider] our Solemn, Grave, and Serious Sett Forms, or their Wild Extempore Jargon, nauseous to any Chaste or refin’d ear [Doc 5-3, pg.
Luther later formed Protestantism on these two central beliefs. You are accurate in saying that faith alone, grace alone, and scripture alone was the foundation of Luther’s theology, but as the Reformation proceeded, many Protestants rejected some of his ideas. Marsiligio of Padua felt that those who were running the Church were getting away from the original message of Christ. John Wycliffe was conflicted by a number of things within the Catholic Church. Wycliffe could find no clear documentation in the bible for transubstantiation; he determined that bread never ceased to be bread.
Different motivation stands for each of these people in what they did for the reformation. Calvin born and raised a Frenchman, had received a degree in law to find out he was not interested in the subject had changed his interest in life to religion reformation. At a young age Calvin had been in an area where the population was being stirred by the writings about the Catholic Church by Luther and Erasmus. Calvin was enlightened by the idea and thought that Luther had about the Catholic Church. Calvin’s motivation for his acts during the reformation was to start a transition into making and becoming a healthy Church that was seen correct under the eyes above the Bible.
Due to this fragmentation, Europe was divided by “pockets” of civilization and had established several kingdoms, each bestowing upon itself a leader. The Kings of each individual territory resented one another, which in turn led to bitter economic competition that fueled their desire for trade. Every European country had its own specialization of products, for instance forested France sold lumber, whilst coastal Holland caught and sold fish. The rivers (Thames, Rhine, etc) became an essential trade route for delivering goods across Europe, while the oceans acted as a pivotal tool to excavate new lands and transport items at a much faster rate. This division of regions also gave space for several different styles of art to develop all over Europe, which burst into its full glory during the period of the Renaissance.
The white settlers saw the Indians’ belief in the spirits as superstitious and pagan nonsense as they believed in God and that God created the world and ruled over it so some saw the Indians as people who ‘needed saving’ this led to some of the white settlers trying to convert the Indians to Christianity which the Indians did not like. The Indian dance rituals were also a reason that white settlers found it difficult to understand Indian culture. The Sun Dance is a deeply spiritual and gruelling ceremony that is held during the summer solstice and lasts 4-8 days and involves smoking of the pipe, drumming, singing, experiencing visions and fasting. All though the ceremony varies slightly from tribe to tribe, some tribes like the Sioux, practice self-torture by piercing the skin of their back or chest as a personal sacrifice. A purification ritual in a Sweat Lodge always precedes the Sun Dance for the Sioux people.
Soon after, the two religions fought for power and later on in the century, the Protestant religion became prominent and the rivalry with Spain (Catholic) intensified. 2. Explain how conditions in England in the 1600s made it “ripe” to colonize North America. Religious intolerance and social stratification in Europe made many people yearn for new opportunities to be found in America. Because of religious intolerance, people wanted to escape the persecution and go to the new world so they could live their lives freely.
Wells states; “This book [No Place for Truth] produced only half the picture I wanted to present, however. It offers an explanation of the cultural factors that have diminished the place and importance of theology in the church, but it offers no suggestions for a remedy of the problem.” He attempts to provide solutions, from a theological perspective, to the problem presented in his first book where modernism, technology, culture, and pastors bear a significant part of the blame in the changes the modern believers are facing in our churches today. Dr. Wells premise that Christianity has experienced,
The strict idealism of god and his power placed fear in children, for they believe their faults will be treated with adverse repercussions. God was everything to the puritans. Breaking a covenant with god would have extreme consequences. Fear of god placed righteousness in the hearts of the people of the Massachusetts
The question I am going to be answering is: ‘Why were England and Spain enemies for so long during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries?’ To answer this question we need to look at all the evidence available. During the reign of Henry VIII, he decided to break away from the Catholic Church, turning his country into a protestant religion. However this did not impress the Pope and Spain as they thought that every country should be a Catholic country. Both countries were ruling most of the world, the Spanish empire in South America as an example. They were constantly disputing about who had to the Caribbean.
Revenge is “a pagan concept deeply embedded in most societies but at odds with Christian teaching” (Bevington 550). Pagan is “pertaining to the worship or worshipers of any religion that is neither Christian, Jewish, nor Muslim” (The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy). Christianity is “the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ” (According to The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy). The words of the characters show they consider themselves christian. The first glimpse of Christian elements in Hamlet is when Horatio is praying, “Heavens secure him!” (1.5.116).