M3 - Assess the different methods that can be used for promoting and protecting public health Assess how these methods of protection and control Promote public health awareness and protect the public from disease. In this essay I will be both describing and evaluating the different methods used to promote and protect public health in the U.K. The main aims of promoting and protecting public health are to improve the general health of the population and to reduce health inequalities within the U.K. The government is a key part of all of this as they have produced many official documents, papers, reports and legislations in order to enhance overall public health. One of these documents is the White Paper which focuses on making choices
In accordance to David Hunter (2014), he states “The future public health leaders need to be politically astute, able to communicate with different audiences, form collaborative relationships that enable things to get done, and assemble the business case for investing and disinvesting in public health using evidence from NICE and elsewhere”. Moreover, Koh (2009) expresses the distinctive and perplexing nature of public health problems—and offers the unique chances of resolving them. The process engenders much ‘inspiration, frustration and fascination’. He highlighted that public health leaders need to be dedicated to tackle difficulty problems, to involve with several stakeholders and to carry out this action in the community, ready for inquiry and open discussion at every period. However, successful leaders must move beyond passion.
In particular, key social factors considered under this model include the impact of poverty, poor housing, diet and pollution on persons’ health. For instance, poor housing and poverty may prove to be catalysts to respiratory problems, and in response to these causes and origins of ill health, an objective of the socio-medical model is to encourage society to provide better housing and introduce programs to tackle poverty, and these propositions are seen as viable solutions. The socio-medical model encourages people to live healthy lifestyles, it looks at the cause of the illness and tries to change the factor that causes the illness to prevent it from continuing rather than only giving when diagnosis and only medical treatment. The factors which the socio-medical model suggest is also a cause of ill health such as poor housing, poverty and diet can have a strong impact on the over health and wellness of individuals, communities and countries. The model emphasises preventing and changing the cause of an illness on a more natural way instead of relying on medication.
This is also said to have a significant impact both on peoples’ health status and mortality rates. Primary health care services will focus on better health for a population, and actively work to reduce health inequalities between different groups. The Treaty of Waitangi is a key document of Maori health which states that the Crown has an obligation to ensure Maori have a health status which is at least equal to that of non-Maori (WAVE, 2001). Unfortunately this is not currently the case. The mortality rate caused by potentially preventable
Due to the need for policy review it is important to follow these steps in order to ensure and improve upon the health care system. Policies affect everyone in some way; therefore careful consideration must be given to a policy proposal. The Formulation Process The formulation process makes for a great discussion
More education and resources are needed in the area of disease prevention and risk-prone behaviors for the county at large. With these suggested changes, continued focus and education on risk, illness, disease prevention, and preparedness for disasters Dyer County, TN will continue to be a great place to live and
The Public health system is founded on “prevention of disease and promotion of the health of a population” by means of evidence based and socially accepted methods as stated in the Community Health and Wellness edition 4. Public health care is based on principles of cultural sensitivity, accessibility, community participation and intersectional collaboration that threads in very well with practitioners of naturopathy’s manner towards health care. Naturopathy otherwise known, as complimentary medicine is a method of healing that employs various lifestyle changes to gain optimal health. A naturopath believes that “good health involves more than just a remedy”. If we want to live long, joyful, happy lives we must endeavour to re-establish the proper relationship between ourselves – The whole body and mind – and nature in order to empower an individual to reach their highest level of health (Dr H.C.A Vogel, 1990).
Introduction ‘Staying Healthy’ is the new mantra of people young and old and there is an ever increasing pressure on Healthcare Organisations and Governments to provide quality health care to the community they serve. There is growing awareness among people with regards to healthy practices that help one to remain guarded against many of the diseases related to the modern life style. People now actively participate in ‘Self Care’ and this has led to attempts in moving point of care from the clinic/physician’s office to the patient’s home (Prabhu, Iyappan, Healthcare, & TCS). With this healthcare transformation, people are now proactively participating and performing their own responsibilities at their fingertips through wearable devices and
Nursing Health Promotion Health promotion, as defined by the World Health Organization, “is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions.” (WHO, 2012) Health Promotion does not rely solely on one discipline of health but is rather a multidisciplinary scope that intertwines health education and health interventions. The goal of health promotion is to enhance value in health, lessen the health risks, advocate for healthy lifestyles and settings, and respond to the underlying determinants of health. (WHO, 2012) Health promotion it not limited to an individual but can be implemented widely through communities as well. Health Promotion in Nursing Practice Health promotion education practiced in the communities can positively affect the communities’ health and nurses contribute to this result.
Professionals, too have an increasing understand of environmental factors which can cause ill-health. These factors may include services such as waste management, water supply, sanitation, affordable housing, pollution, energy sources, access to health and social care services and access to leisure and recreation facilities. Professionals may also need to work hard at helping individuals to increase their own skills to be able to take control of their own health. The empowerment model of health promotion would help with this issue. Doctors for example, would take preventative measures to help the individual that he/she is dealing with.