Cue Dependant Forgetting and Interference

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Cue-dependent forgetting is the failure to recall a memory due to missing stimuli or cues that were present at the time the memory was encoded. It is one of five cognitive psychology theories of forgetting. It explains that a memory can be temporarily forgotten due to the fact it cannot be retrieved, but the proper cue can bring it back into our memories. Furthermore, a good retrieval cue must be consistent with the original encoding of the information. If the sound of the word is emphasized during the encoding process, the cue that should be used should also put emphasis on the phonetic quality of the word. Information cannot be retrieved from the brain without these cues. Tulving says State-Dependant Forgetting and Context-Dependant Forgetting are both examples of Cue-Dependant Forgetting. Retrieved cues are either encoded with the material to be remembered when it’s first learnt, or can be used as help when we are searching our memories. Tulving says we fail to retrieve something if these cues fail to match what is encoded in our memories. State-Dependent Forgetting is to do with when we learn something when we are in a certain state for example feeling happy or sad. We will be able to remember what we have learnt when we are feeling happy/sad again, but not when we are in a different state. For example remembering many bad things when we’re in a bad mood and not being able to remember sad things when we’re happy. Context Dependent Forgetting is when we learn something in a particular situation then we will be able to recall something in a similar situation, however, we may have difficulty in recalling it in a different situation. For example we remember something when we are upstairs, but then forget it as soon as we go downstairs, and can only remember what it was when we go back upstairs. The encoding specificity principle (Tulving, 1976) basically
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