Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

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Tyler Brown Professor Obrien 20th Century Literature 7 Apr. 2014 The Cuban Missile Crisis After the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union in the early 20th century, both major powers continued to compete with each other. The United States wanted to contain communism and also spread democracy while the Soviet Union strived for complete communistic rule over Eastern and Central Europe. Almost leading to a third world war, the Cuban Missile Crisis involved the Soviet Union aligned with Cuba to stop the United States’ interference overthrowing of Cuban regime, while the Union’s attempt of placing nuclear missiles in Cuba were aimed at the United States. This thirteen-day confrontation has left a major impact on modern Cuban and American relations and has prepared the world for a similar situation if ever to occur. Known as the Bay of Pigs, the United States under the Kennedy administration failed in an attempt to overthrow the Castro regime in Cuba. In order for support and protection, Cuban leader Fidel Castro met with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev to reach an agreement on halting any future invasion from the United States. Soviet nuclear missiles would be held in Cuban territory to aim at the Americans if attacked. In 1962, the United States heard about these missiles when Air Force Pilot Richard Heyser was flying over Cuba and overlooked Russian missiles. A warning was aired on national television when Kennedy gave his speech to his country, telling him that evidence was found of Russian missiles being placed in Cuba. Stating from the Monroe Doctrine in his speech, Kennedy’s words “It shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union” (The

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