Ct230 2.3 Essay

1128 Words5 Pages
Ct230 2.3 explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice. While we know that there are factors which affect development, the education and care that they receive will also affect them. Theories in development are important as they influence practice and help us to understand childrens behavior, reactions and ways of learning. * Jean Piaget (1896-1980) cognitive/ constructivist. Piaget thought that, as learning is based on what we experience, childrens thinking and learning was directly related to their age and stage of development. Therefore the more they experienced the more they learnt. As children experience new things, they adapt their previously held beliefs and also gain different understanding. In order to learn and evolve their thinking, children need to have a vast amount of experiences so that they can extend and build upon what they already know. Eventually children will begin to decide for themselves which gaps they have in their learning that they like to be filled. They will then seek out those experience so that they can expand on that particular area. * Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) psychoanalytic Freud’s theory stated that human personalities are comprised of three parts; the id, the ego and the superego. The id refers to a humans base instinct which is present from birth. It is satisfaction and pleasure driven, and encompasses the minds source of a humans wants, desires and impulses. A new born baby is completely driven by the id facet of its personality, as it can only reach to its base impulses and does not consider the needs of others. Every biological need such as hunger, thirst, fatigue etc. comes under the id part of a human personality. For example a baby will cry because it is tired without considering the impact of others around it. The ego encompasses a higher level of
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